The Relationship between Enhancing Left Atrial Adipose Tissue at CT and Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation.

Huber, Adrian Thomas; Fankhauser, Severin; Chollet, Laurève; Wittmer, Severin; Lam, Anna; Baldinger, Samuel; Madaffari, Antonio; Seiler, Jens; Servatius, Helge; Haeberlin, Andreas; Noti, Fabian; Brugger, Nicolas; von Tengg-Kobligk, Hendrik; Gräni, Christoph; Roten, Laurent; Tanner, Hildegard; Reichlin, Tobias (2022). The Relationship between Enhancing Left Atrial Adipose Tissue at CT and Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation. Radiology, 305(1), pp. 56-65. Radiological Society of North America 10.1148/radiol.212644

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Background The association of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and its metabolic activity with atrial fibrillation (AF) is an area of active investigation. Left atrial (LA) enhancing EAT (e-EAT) at cardiac CT may be a noninvasive surrogate marker for the metabolic activity of EAT. Purpose To determine the relationship between LA e-EAT and recurrence after AF ablation. Materials and Methods In a secondary analysis of a prospective registry of consecutive patients (from July 2018 to December 2019) undergoing first AF ablation, total and LA EAT were segmented on preprocedural noncontrast- and contrast-enhanced cardiac CT scans. LA e-EAT volume fraction was defined as the LA EAT volume difference between the noncontrast- and contrast-enhanced scan divided by the total LA EAT volume on the noncontrast-enhanced scan (threshold values, -15 HU to -195 HU). Continuous variables were compared between groups by using the Mann-Whitney U test. Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate hazard ratios of predictors of 1-year AF recurrence. Results A total of 212 patients (mean age, 64 years; 159 men) who underwent a first AF ablation were included (paroxysmal AF, 64%; persistent AF, 36%). The LA EAT volume was higher in patients with persistent versus paroxysmal AF (50 cm3 [IQR, 37-72] vs 37 [IQR, 27-49]; P < .001), but no difference was found for LA e-EAT (P = .09). After 1 year of follow-up, AF recurrence rate was 77 of 212 (36%). LA e-EAT above the mean (>33%) was associated with a higher risk of AF recurrence (hazard ratio [HR], 2.1; 95% CI: 1.3, 3.3; P < .01). In a multivariable Cox regression analysis, LA e-EAT retained its predictive value when corrected for sex, age, AF phenotype, LA volume index, and LA EAT volume (HR, 1.9; 95% CI: 1.1, 3.1; P = .02). Conclusion Left atrial enhancing epicardial adipose tissue was independently associated with recurrence after atrial fibrillation ablation. © RSNA, 2022 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Stojanovska in this issue.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Huber, Adrian Thomas, Chollet, Laurève Mélisande, Wittmer, Severin, Lam, Anna, Baldinger, Samuel Hannes, Madaffari, Antonio, Seiler, Jens, Servatius, Helge Simon (B), Häberlin, Andreas David Heinrich, Noti, Fabian, Brugger, Nicolas Jacques, von Tengg-Kobligk, Hendrik, Gräni, Christoph, Roten, Laurent, Tanner, Hildegard, Reichlin, Tobias Roman


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Radiological Society of North America




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Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2022 11:11

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:38

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