Dental Caries, Oral Health Behavior, and Living Conditions in 6-8-Year-Old Romanian School Children.

Dumitrescu, Ramona; Sava-Rosianu, Ruxandra; Jumanca, Daniela; Balean, Octavia; Damian, Lia-Raluca; Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe; Maricutoiu, Laurentiu; Alexa, Vlad Tiberiu; Sfeatcu, Ruxandra; Daguci, Constantin; Postolache, Mariana; Galuscan, Atena (2022). Dental Caries, Oral Health Behavior, and Living Conditions in 6-8-Year-Old Romanian School Children. Children, 9(6) MDPI 10.3390/children9060903

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Dental caries still have a high prevalence in Romania. The aim of this paper is to determine the prevalence of caries in children (aged 6 to 8 years) correlated with individual-level predictors and socio-economic variables. A stratified, randomized nationally representative sample was established, taking into consideration the total number of preschool children and based on administrative units and residence. Self-assessment was performed by means of the Oral Health Questionnaire for Children (WHO). Examinations were conducted by 10 standardized examiners, with International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) caries codes higher than 3 considered as dentinal caries, missing teeth as MT, and restorations as FT. DMFT and SiC indexes were calculated accordingly. The dataset for each outcome variable was analyzed by the Hurdle approach analyzed. The gender distribution was similar (47.22% male and 52.78% female), with 42.65% residing in rural areas. The mean DMFT value for the sample was 4.89 and SiC index 9.83. A negative association could be seen between DMFT and the father's level of education (β = -0.33, SE = 0.07, p < 0.01) as well as the mother's education (β = -0.25, SE = 0.07, p < 0.01). In conclusion, caries prevalence is very high in Romania as compared to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation for this age group in correlation with socio-economic factors and oral health behavior.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Campus, Guglielmo Giuseppe


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

27 Jun 2022 09:05

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:21

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

behavior children dental caries oral health prevalence severity




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