Child and adolescent psychiatric genetics

Hebebrand, Johannes; Scherag, Andre; Schimmelmann, Benno G; Hinney, Anke (2010). Child and adolescent psychiatric genetics. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 19(3), pp. 259-79. Toronto: Springer 10.1007/s00787-010-0091-y

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The current status of child and adolescent psychiatric genetics appears promising in light of the initiation of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for diverse polygenic disorders and the molecular elucidation of monogenic Rett syndrome, for which recent functional studies provide hope for pharmacological treatment strategies. Within the last 50 years, tremendous progress has been made in linking genetic variation to behavioral phenotypes and psychiatric disorders. We summarize the major findings of the Human Genome Project and dwell on largely unsuccessful candidate gene and linkage studies. GWAS for the first time offer the possibility to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms and copy number variants without a priori hypotheses as to their molecular etiology. At the same time it is becoming increasingly clear that very large sample sizes are required in order to enable genome wide significant findings, thus necessitating further large-scaled ascertainment schemes for the successful elucidation of the molecular genetics of childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders. We conclude by reflecting on different scenarios for future research into the molecular basis of early onset psychiatric disorders. This review represents the introductory article of this special issue of the European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Schimmelmann, Benno Karl Edgar

ISSN:

1018-8827

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Myriam Pyrlik

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:11

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 19:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00787-010-0091-y

PubMed ID:

20140632

Web of Science ID:

000275632700007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/1710 (FactScience: 203641)

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