Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella enterica subsp. diarizonae serovar 61:k:1,5,(7) in Swiss sheep flocks.

Weber, Michaela; Zanolari, Patrik; Ardüser, Flurin; Stucki, Dimitri; Akarsu, Hatice; Overesch, Gudrun (2022). Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella enterica subsp. diarizonae serovar 61:k:1,5,(7) in Swiss sheep flocks. Preventive veterinary medicine, 206, p. 105697. Elsevier 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2022.105697

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Salmonella (S.) enterica subspecies diarizonae (IIIb) serovar 61:k:1,5,(7) (S. IIIb 61:k:1,5,(7)) is considered to be sheep-associated, as it can be found in the intestine, tonsils and nose of clinically healthy sheep, but it has also been described in separate clinical disorders in sheep. In particular, S. IIIb 61:k:1,5,(7) is described as the causative agent of chronic proliferative rhinitis (CPR) in sheep. In Switzerland, CPR in sheep due to S. IIIb 61:k:1,5,(7) was first described in 2017 in a flock of Texel sheep. Therefore, we assessed the prevalence of S. IIIb 61:k:1,5,(7) within the Swiss sheep population using a representative sampling strategy. From May 2017 to June 2018 a total of 681 nasal swabs from individual clinically healthy sheep of 141 different flocks throughout Switzerland were taken. Swabs were analysed by selective enrichment for the presence of S. IIIb 61:k:1,5,(7). Additionally, antimicrobial resistance of the isolates was determined by broth microdilution. A total of 146 out of 681 nasal swabs tested positive for S. IIIb 61:k:1,5,(7), which corresponds to a prevalence on animal level of 21% (95%CI 18%-25%). In 73 out of 141 flocks tested, at least one sheep tested positive for S. IIIb 61:k:1.5,(7), resulting in a minimal prevalence on flock level of 52% (95%CI 43%-60%). Positive flocks were found in all cantons except the canton of Jura. Adults were significantly more affected than sheep under one year/lambs and positive sheep were found in several breeds. No microbiologically resistant isolates were detected, except for one isolate showing resistance against ampicillin. Because of its widespread occurrence in the Swiss sheep population, further research should focus on the pathogenic impact of S. IIIb 61:k:1,5,(7) on the health status of sheep.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)

UniBE Contributor:

Weber, Michaela Bettina Maria, Zanolari, Patrik, Ardüser, Flurin, Stucki, Dimitri Yves, Akarsu Egger, Hatice, Overesch, Gudrun


600 Technology > 630 Agriculture








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

07 Jul 2022 08:53

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:21

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Uncontrolled Keywords:

Chronic proliferative rhinitis Ovine Respiratory tract Salmonellosis Zoonoses




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