Remote Training of Neurointerventions by Audiovisual Streaming : Experiences from the European ESMINT-EYMINT E-Fellowship Program.

Hanning, Uta; Bechstein, Matthias; Kaesmacher, Johannes; Boulouis, Grégoire; Chapot, René; Andersson, Tommy; Boccardi, Edoardo; Psychogios, Marios; Cognard, Christophe; de Dios Lascuevas, Marta; Rodrigues, Marta; Rodriguez Caamaño, Isabel; Gargalas, Sergios; Simonato, Davide; Zupancic, Vedran; Daller, Cornelia; Meyer, Lukas; Broocks, Gabriel; Guerreiro, Helena; Fiehler, Jens; ... (2023). Remote Training of Neurointerventions by Audiovisual Streaming : Experiences from the European ESMINT-EYMINT E-Fellowship Program. Clinical neuroradiology, 33(1), pp. 137-145. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00062-022-01192-9

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Remote access of trainees to training centers via video streaming (tele-observership, e‑fellowship) emerges as an alternative to acquire knowledge in endovascular interventions. Situational awareness is a summary term that is also used in surgical procedures for perceiving and understanding the situation and projecting what will happen next. A high situational awareness would serve as prerequisite for meaningful learning success during tele-observerships. We hypothesized that live perception of the angiographical procedures using streaming technology is feasible and sufficient to gain useful situational awareness of the procedure.


During a European tele-observership organized by the European Society of Minimally Invasive Neurological Therapy (ESMINT) and its trainee association (EYMINT), a total of six neurointerventional fellows in five countries observed live cases performed by experienced neurointerventionalists (mentors) in six different high-volume neurovascular centers across Europe equipped with live-streaming technology (Tegus Medical, Hamburg, Germany). Cases were prospectively evaluated during a 12-month period, followed by a final questionnaire after completion of the course.


A total of 102/161 (63%) cases with a 1:1 allocation of fellow and mentor were evaluated during a 12-month period. Most frequent conditions were ischemic stroke (27.5%), followed by embolization of unruptured aneurysms (25.5%) and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) (15.7%). A high level of situational awareness was reported by fellows in 75.5% of all cases. After finishing the program, the general improvement of neurointerventional knowledge was evaluated to be extensive (1/6 fellows), substantial (3/6), and moderate (2/6). The specific fields of improvement were procedural knowledge (6/6 fellows), technical knowledge (3/6) and complication management (2/6).


Online streaming technology facilitates location-independent training of complex neurointerventional procedures through high levels of situational awareness and can therefore supplement live hands-on-training. In addition, it leads to a training effect for fellows with a perceived improvement of their neurointerventional knowledge.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Kaesmacher, Johannes


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

19 Jul 2022 07:19

Last Modified:

15 Mar 2023 00:11

Publisher DOI:


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Uncontrolled Keywords:

Neuroendovascular training Stroke Telemedicine Teleobservership Teleproctoring




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