Six-month stability of individual differences in sports coaches’ burnout, self-compassion and social support

Ackeret, Nadja; Röthlin, Philipp; Allemand, Mathias; Krieger, Tobias; Berger, Thomas; Znoj, Hans Jörg; Kenttä, Göran; Birrer, Daniel; Horvath, Stephan (2022). Six-month stability of individual differences in sports coaches’ burnout, self-compassion and social support. Psychology of sport and exercise, 61(102207), p. 102207. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.psychsport.2022.102207

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Using a three-wave prospective cross-lagged panel design, the study examined six-month stability of burnout, self-compassion and social support among sports coaches in terms of measurement invariance, mean-level change, rank-order stability, and structural stability. The participating coaches (N = 422; Mage = 44.48, SD = 11.03) completed an online questionnaire measuring self-compassion, social support, coach burnout and de- mographics at baseline and two follow-ups at three months and six months. The various forms of stability were assessed using structural equation modeling. There was no significant mean-level change in burnout, self- compassion, or social support, and all three constructs exhibited measurement invariance. Rank-order stability remained relatively high, ranging from 0.78 to 0.94 across the three time points. For all three constructs, co- variances between latent factors were invariant over time, indicating high structural stability. While self- compassion and social support were positively related, both were negatively related to coach burnout. These results confirm the importance of preventing and addressing symptoms of burnout, low self-compassion and poor social support in sports settings.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Krieger, Tobias, Berger, Thomas (B), Znoj, Hans Jörg


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Elsevier Science




Melanie Best

Date Deposited:

19 Jul 2022 11:26

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:38

Publisher DOI:





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