Performance of quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) and modified age disease adjusted qadSOFA for the prediction of outcomes in emergency general surgery patients.

Magyar, Christian Tj; Haltmeier, Tobias; Dubuis, Jean-Baptiste; Osterwalder, Alice; Winterhalder, Sebastian; Candinas, Daniel; Schnüriger, Beat (2022). Performance of quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) and modified age disease adjusted qadSOFA for the prediction of outcomes in emergency general surgery patients. The journal of trauma and acute care surgery, 93(4), pp. 558-565. Wolters Kluwer 10.1097/TA.0000000000003742

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BACKGROUND

Sepsis is a highly prevalent condition disease and is associated with a reported in-hospital mortality rate up to 40% in patients with abdominal sepsis requiring emergency general surgery (EGS). The quick sequential organ failure assessment score (qSOFA) has not been studied for EGS patients.

METHODS

Retrospective cohort study in adult patients undergoing abdominal EGS at a university tertiary care center from 2016 to 2018. The primary outcome was mortality. The effect of clinical variables on outcomes was assessed in univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses. Based on these results, the qSOFA score was modified. The performance of scores was assessed using receiver operating characteristics (ROC).

RESULTS

578 patients undergoing abdominal EGS were included. In-hospital mortality was 4.8% (28/578). Independent predictors for mortality were mesenteric ischemia [OR 15.9 (95%CI 5.2-48.6), p-value<0.001], gastrointestinal tract perforation [OR 4.9 (95%CI 1.7-14.0), p-value = 0.003], age ≥ 65 years [OR 4.1 (95%CI 1.5-11.4), p-value = 0.008] and increasing qSOFA [OR 1.8 (95%CI 1.2-2.8), p-value = 0.007]. The modified qSOFA (qadSOFA) was developed. The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) of the qSOFA and qadSOFA for mortality was 0.715 and 0.859, respectively. Optimal cut-off value was identified as qadSOFA≥3 (Youden Index 64.1%).

CONCLUSIONS

This is the first study investigating the qSOFA as a predictor for clinical outcomes in EGS. Compared to the qSOFA, the new qadSOFA revealed an excellent predictive power for clinical outcomes. Further validation of qadSOFA is warranted.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

Level II, diagnostic test/criteria.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Magyar, Christian Tibor Josef; Haltmeier, Tobias; Dubuis, Jean Baptiste; Osterwalder, Alice; Winterhalder, Sebastian Johannes; Candinas, Daniel and Schnüriger, Beat

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2163-0763

Publisher:

Wolters Kluwer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

19 Jul 2022 12:51

Last Modified:

23 Sep 2022 00:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/TA.0000000000003742

PubMed ID:

35838248

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/171346

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/171346

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