Circulating MicroRNAs and myocardial involvement severity in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy.

Gomez-Ochoa, Sergio Alejandro; Bautista-Niño, Paula Katherine; Rojas, Lyda Z; Hunziker, Lukas; Muka, Taulant; Echeverría, Luis E (2022). Circulating MicroRNAs and myocardial involvement severity in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy. Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 12, p. 922189. Frontiers 10.3389/fcimb.2022.922189

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Background

Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy (CCM) is characterized by a unique pathophysiology in which inflammatory, microvascular and neuroendocrine processes coalesce in the development of one of the most severe cardiomyopathies affecting humans. Despite significant advances in understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in this disease, scarce information is available regarding microRNAs and clinical parameters of disease severity. We aimed to evaluate the association between circulating levels of six microRNAs with markers of myocardial injury and prognosis in this population.

Methods

Patients with CCM and reduced ejection fraction were included in a prospective exploratory cohort study. We assessed the association of natural log-transformed values of six circulating microRNAs (miR-34a-5p, miR-208a-5p, miR-185-5p, miR-223-5p, let-7d-5p, and miR-454-5p) with NT-proBNP levels and echocardiographic variables using linear regression models adjusted for potential confounders. By using Cox Proportional Hazard models, we examined whether levels of microRNAs could predict a composite outcome (CO), including all-cause mortality, cardiac transplantation, and implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Finally, for mRNAs showing significant associations, we predicted the target genes and performed pathway analyses using Targetscan and Reactome Pathway Browser.

Results

Seventy-four patients were included (59% males, median age: 64 years). After adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, and heart failure medications, only increasing miR-223-5p relative expression levels were significantly associated with better myocardial function markers, including left atrium area (Coef. -10.2; 95% CI -16.35; -4.09), end-systolic (Coef. -45.3; 95% CI -74.06; -16.61) and end-diastolic volumes (Coef. -46.1; 95% CI -81.99; -10.26) of the left ventricle. Moreover, we observed that higher miR-223-5p levels were associated with better left-ventricle ejection fraction and lower NT-proBNP levels. No associations were observed between the six microRNAs and the composite outcome. A total of 123 target genes for miR-223-5p were obtained. From these, several target pathways mainly related to signaling by receptor tyrosine kinases were identified.

Conclusions

The present study found an association between miR-223-5p and clinical parameters of CCM, with signaling pathways related to receptor tyrosine kinases as a potential mechanism linking low levels of miR-223-5p with CCM worsening.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Gomez Ochoa, Sergio Alejandro; Hunziker Munsch, Lukas Christoph and Muka, Taulant

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

2235-2988

Publisher:

Frontiers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

30 Aug 2022 09:30

Last Modified:

14 Sep 2022 18:51

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fcimb.2022.922189

PubMed ID:

36004323

Uncontrolled Keywords:

chagas disease chronic chagas cardiomyopathy echocardiography microRNAs omics

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/172384

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/172384

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