Assessment of hepatic fibrosis and inflammation with look-locker T1 mapping and magnetic resonance elastography with histopathology as reference standard.

von Ulmenstein, Sophie; Bogdanovic, Sanja; Honcharova-Biletska, Hanna; Blümel, Sena; Deibel, Ansgar R; Segna, Daniel; Jüngst, Christoph; Weber, Achim; Kuntzen, Thomas; Gubler, Christoph; Reiner, Cäcilia S (2022). Assessment of hepatic fibrosis and inflammation with look-locker T1 mapping and magnetic resonance elastography with histopathology as reference standard. Abdominal radiology, 47(11), pp. 3746-3757. Springer 10.1007/s00261-022-03647-6

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PURPOSE

To compare the diagnostic performance of T1 mapping and MR elastography (MRE) for staging of hepatic fibrosis and grading inflammation with histopathology as standard of reference.

METHODS

68 patients with various liver diseases undergoing liver biopsy for suspected fibrosis or with an established diagnosis of cirrhosis prospectively underwent look-locker inversion recovery T1 mapping and MRE. T1 relaxation time and liver stiffness (LS) were measured by two readers. Hepatic fibrosis and inflammation were histopathologically staged according to a standardized fibrosis (F0-F4) and inflammation (A0-A2) score. For statistical analysis, independent t test, and Mann-Whitney U test and ROC analysis were performed, the latter to determine the performance of T1 mapping and MRE for fibrosis staging and inflammation grading, as compared to histopathology.

RESULTS

Histopathological analysis diagnosed 9 patients with F0 (13.2%), 21 with F1 (30.9%), 11 with F2 (16.2%), 10 with F3 (14.7%), and 17 with F4 (25.0%). Both T1 mapping and MRE showed significantly higher values for patients with significant fibrosis (F0-1 vs. F2-4; T1 mapping p < 0.0001, MRE p < 0.0001) as well as for patients with severe fibrosis or cirrhosis (F0-2 vs. F3-4; T1 mapping p < 0.0001, MRE p < 0.0001). T1 values and MRE LS were significantly higher in patients with inflammation (A0 vs. A1-2, both p = 0.01). T1 mapping showed a tendency toward lower diagnostic performance without statistical significance for significant fibrosis (F2-4) (AUC 0.79 vs. 0.91, p = 0.06) and with a significant difference compared to MRE for severe fibrosis (F3-4) (AUC 0.79 vs. 0.94, p = 0.03). For both T1 mapping and MRE, diagnostic performance for diagnosing hepatic inflammation (A1-2) was low (AUC 0.72 vs. 0.71, respectively).

CONCLUSION

T1 mapping is able to diagnose hepatic fibrosis, however, with a tendency toward lower diagnostic performance compared to MRE and thus may be used as an alternative to MRE for diagnosing hepatic fibrosis, whenever MRE is not available or likely to fail due to intrinsic factors of the patient. Both T1 mapping and MRE are probably not sufficient as standalone methods to diagnose hepatic inflammation with relatively low diagnostic accuracy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Segna, Daniel

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2366-0058

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

31 Aug 2022 16:02

Last Modified:

15 Oct 2022 00:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00261-022-03647-6

PubMed ID:

36038643

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Biopsy Fibrosis Liver MR elastography T1 mapping

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/172546

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/172546

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