47Sc and 46Sc cross-section measurement for an optimized 47Sc production with an 18 MeV medical PET cyclotron.

Dellepiane, Gaia; Casolaro, Pierluigi; Mateu, Isidre; Scampoli, Paola; Voeten, Naomi; Braccini, Saverio (2022). 47Sc and 46Sc cross-section measurement for an optimized 47Sc production with an 18 MeV medical PET cyclotron. Applied radiation and isotopes, 189, p. 110428. Elsevier 10.1016/j.apradiso.2022.110428

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The availability of novel radionuclides plays a fundamental role in the development of personalized nuclear medicine. In particular, there is growing interest in pairs formed by two radioisotopes of the same element, the so-called true theranostic pairs, such as 61,64Cu/67Cu, 43,44Sc/47Sc and 155Tb/149,161Tb. In this case, the two radionuclides have identical kinetics and chemical reactivity, allowing to predict whether the patient will benefit from a therapeutic treatment on the basis of nuclear imaging data. 47Sc [t1/2 = 3.349 d, E [Formula: see text] = 440.9 keV (68.4%); 600.3 keV (31.6%), Eγ = 159.4 keV (68.3%)] is a promising radionuclide for theranostic applications in nuclear medicine. Its physical characteristics make it suitable for radionuclide therapy and allow SPECT imaging during treatment. Moreover, 47Sc is foreseen as the therapeutic partner of the β+-emitters 43Sc and 44Sc, both under study for PET imaging, opening new avenues towards the true theranostics concept. 47Sc can be produced by proton irradiation of an enriched 50Ti oxide target with a medical cyclotron equipped with a solid target station. To optimize the production yield and the radionuclidic purity, an accurate knowledge of the production cross sections is necessary. In this paper, we report on measurements of the production cross section of 47Sc and 46Sc using enriched 50Ti titanium oxide targets, performed at the Bern University Hospital cyclotron laboratory. On the basis of the obtained results, a study of the production yield and purity was performed to assess the optimal irradiation conditions. A production test was also carried out to confirm these findings.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


10 Strategic Research Centers > Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics (AEC)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Laboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP)

UniBE Contributor:

Dellepiane, Gaia, Casolaro, Pierluigi, Mateu Suau, Isidro, Scampoli, Paola, Voeten, Naomi Maria, Braccini, Saverio


500 Science > 530 Physics








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

05 Sep 2022 10:22

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:23

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Cross sections Medical cyclotron Proton irradiation Scandium-47 Solid targets Theranostics





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