Fluorescence Angiography for Evaluation of Aneurysm Perfusion and Parent Artery Patency in Rat and Rabbit Aneurysm Models.

Strange, Fabio; Sivanrupan, Sivani; Gruter, Basil E; Rey, Jeannine; Taeschler, Dominik; Fandino, Javier; Marbacher, Serge (2019). Fluorescence Angiography for Evaluation of Aneurysm Perfusion and Parent Artery Patency in Rat and Rabbit Aneurysm Models. Journal of visualized experiments(149) MYJoVE Corporation 10.3791/59782

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Brain aneurysm treatment focuses on achieving complete occlusion, as well as preserving blood flow in the parent artery. Fluorescein sodium and indocyanine green are used to enable the observation of blood flow and vessel perfusion status, respectively. The aim of this study is to apply FVA to verify real-time blood flow, vessel perfusion status and occlusion of aneurysms after induction of sidewall aneurysms in rabbits and rats, as well as to validate the procedure in these species. Twenty sidewall aneurysms were created in 10 rabbits by suturing a decellularized arterial vessel pouch on the carotid artery of a donor rabbit. In addition, 48 microsurgical sidewall aneurysms were created in 48 rats. During follow-up at one month after creation, the parent artery/aneurysm complex was dissected and FVA was performed using an intravenous fluorescein (10%, 1 mL) injection via an ear vein catheterization in rabbits and a femoral vein catherization in rats. Aneurysms were then harvested, and patency was evaluated macroscopically. Macroscopically, 14 out of 16 aneurysms in rabbits indicated no residual parent artery perfusion with totally occluded luminae, however 11 (79%) were detected by FVA. Four aneurysms were excluded due to technical problems. In rats, residual aneurysm perfusion was macroscopically observed in 25 out of 48 cases. Of the 23 without macroscopic evidence of perfusion, FVA confirmed the incidence of 22 aneurysms (96%). There were no adverse events associated with FVA. Fluorescein is easily applicable and no special equipment is needed. It is a safe and extremely effective method for evaluating parent artery integrity and aneurysm patency/residual perfusion in an experimental setting with rabbits and rats. FVA using fluorescein as a contrast agent appears to be effective in controlling patency of aneurysms and the underlying vessel and can even be adapted to bypass surgery.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Neurochirurgie

UniBE Contributor:

Fandino, Javier, Marbacher, Serge


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




MYJoVE Corporation




Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

20 Sep 2022 15:00

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:24

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