Distinguishing transient from persistent tactile agnosia after partial anterior circulation infarcts - Behavioral and neuroimaging evidence for white matter disconnection.

Missimer, John H; Abela, Eugenio; Pastore-Wapp, Manuela; Wiest, Roland; Weder, Bruno J (2022). Distinguishing transient from persistent tactile agnosia after partial anterior circulation infarcts - Behavioral and neuroimaging evidence for white matter disconnection. NeuroImage: Clinical, 36, p. 103193. Elsevier 10.1016/j.nicl.2022.103193

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From a cohort of 36 patients presenting apperceptive tactile agnosia after first cortical ischemic stroke, 14 showed temporary impairment at admission. A previous multi-voxel analysis of the cortical lesions, using as explanatory variable the course of tactile object recognition performance over the recovery period of 9 months, partitioned the cohort into three subgroups. Of the 14 patients constituting two of the subgroups, 7 recovered from their impairment whereas 7 did not. These two subgroups could not be distinguished at admission. The primary aim of the present study is to present two assessments that can do so. The first assessment comprises a pattern of behavioral measures, determined via principal component analysis, encoded in three tests: picking small objects, macrogeometrical discrimination and tactile object recognition. The receiver operating characteristic curve derived from permutation of the behavioral test scores yielded an 80% probability of correct identification of the patient subgroup and an 8% probability for false identification. As done with the permuted scores, the pattern could predict the persistence of affliction of new stroke patients with tactile agnosia. The second predictive assessment extends our previous evaluation of cortical MRI lesion maps to include subcortical regions. Confirming our previous study, the lesions of the persistently impaired subgroup disrupted significantly the anterior arcuatus fasciculus and associated superior longitudinal fasciculus III in the ipsilesional hemisphere, impeding reciprocal information transfer between supramarginal gyrus and both the ventral premotor cortex and Brodmann area 44. Due to the importance of interhemispheric information transfer in tactile agnosia, we performed a supplementary analysis of tactile object recognition scores. It showed that haptic information transfer from the non-affected to the affected hands in the persistent cases partly restored function during the nine months, possibly following restoration of functional interhemispheric haptic information transfer at the border of posterior corpus callosum and splenium. In conclusion, the combined findings of the cortical lesion at subarea PFt of the inferior parietal lobule and the associated subcortical tract lesions permit almost perfect prediction of persistent impairment of tactile object recognition. The study substantiates the need for combined analysis of both cortical lesions and white matter tract disconnections.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


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04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Pastore-Wapp, Manuela, Wiest, Roland Gerhard Rudi, Weder, Bruno


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

22 Sep 2022 08:42

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:25

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Uncontrolled Keywords:

Ischemic stroke MRI lesions maps Principal component analysis Tactile agnosia White matter disconnection





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