Cross-section measurement for an optimized 61Cu production at an 18 MeV medical cyclotron from natural Zn and enriched 64Zn solid targets.

Dellepiane, Gaia; Casolaro, Pierluigi; Mateu, Isidre; Scampoli, Paola; Voeten, Naomi; Braccini, Saverio (2022). Cross-section measurement for an optimized 61Cu production at an 18 MeV medical cyclotron from natural Zn and enriched 64Zn solid targets. Applied radiation and isotopes, 190, p. 110466. Elsevier 10.1016/j.apradiso.2022.110466

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The availability of novel medical radionuclides is a key point in the development of personalised nuclear medicine. In particular, copper radioisotopes are attracting considerable interest as they can be used to label various molecules of medical interest, such as proteins and peptides, and offer two of the most promising true theranostic pairs, namely 61Cu/67Cu and 64Cu/67Cu. Although 64Cu (t1/2 = 12.7006 h, β+: 17.6%, β-: 38.5%) is nowadays the most commonly used as a diagnostic radionuclide, 61Cu (t1/2 = 3.339 h, β+: 61%) features more favourable nuclear properties, such as a higher positron decay fraction and the absence of β- emissions. To date, the production of 61Cu has been carried out irradiating highly enriched 61Ni targets with a low energy proton beam. However, the use of the very expensive 61Ni targets requires an efficient recovery of the target material and makes this method quite inconvenient. Another promising production route is the proton irradiation of natural Zn or enriched 64Zn targets, exploiting the (p,α) nuclear reaction. Along this line, a research program is ongoing at the Bern medical cyclotron, equipped with an external beam transfer line and a solid target station. In this paper, we report on cross-section measurements of the 64Zn(p,α)61Cu nuclear reaction using natural Zn and enriched 64Zn material, which served as the basis to perform optimized 61Cu production tests with solid targets.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


10 Strategic Research Centers > Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics (AEC)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Laboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Dellepiane, Gaia, Casolaro, Pierluigi, Scampoli, Paola, Voeten, Naomi Maria, Braccini, Saverio


500 Science > 530 Physics








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

30 Sep 2022 13:57

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:25

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Copper-61 Cross sections Medical cyclotron PET imaging Proton irradiation Solid targets Theranostics




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