Bibliography of Homeopathic Intervention Studies (HOMIS) in Human Diseases.

Gaertner, Katharina; Loef, Martin; Frass, Michael; Mittal, Renu; Khurana, Anil; Manchanda, Rajkumar; von Ammon, Klaus; Frei-Erb, Martin; Walach, Harald; Baumgartner, Stephan (2023). Bibliography of Homeopathic Intervention Studies (HOMIS) in Human Diseases. Journal of integrative and complementary medicine, 29(1), pp. 14-21. Mary Ann Liebert 10.1089/jicm.2022.0523

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Objectives: Homeopathy (HOM) is a therapeutic method, which is widely used by patients and medical professionals. The medical conditions as well as the homeopathic medical products investigated vary strongly. There is an extensive amount of research, and this necessitates a bibliography that comprehensively presents the entire body of clinical evidence grouped according to medical conditions. Design: Thirty-seven online sources as well as print libraries were searched for HOM and related terms in eight languages (1980 to March 2021). We included studies that compared a homeopathic medicine or intervention with a control regarding the therapeutic or preventive outcome of a disease (classified according to International Classification of Diseases-10). The data were extracted independently by two reviewers and analyzed descriptively. Results: A total of 636 investigations met the inclusion criteria, of which 541 had a therapeutic and 95 a preventive purpose. Seventy-three percent were randomized controlled trials (n = 463), whereas the rest were non-randomized studies (n = 173). The leading comparator was placebo (n = 400). The type of homeopathic intervention was classified as multi-constituent or complex (n = 272), classical or individualized (n = 176), routine or clinical (n = 161) and isopathic (n = 19), or various (n = 8). The potencies ranged from 1X (dilution of -10,000) to 10 M (100-10.000). The included studies explored the effect of HOM in 223 medical indications. We present the evidence in an online database. Conclusions: This bibliography maps the status quo of clinical research in HOM. The data will serve for future targeted reviews, which may focus on the most studied conditions and/or homeopathic medicines, clinical impact, and the risk of bias of the included studies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of Complementary and Integrative Medicine (IKIM)

UniBE Contributor:

von Ammon, Klaus, Frei-Erb, Martin, Baumgartner, Stephan


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Mary Ann Liebert




Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2022 15:09

Last Modified:

11 Jan 2023 00:13

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

RCT bibliography controlled studies homeopathy intervention studies placebo




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