Best clinical practice guidance for treating deep carious lesions in primary teeth: an EAPD policy document.

Duggal, M; Gizani, S; Albadri, S; Krämer, N; Stratigaki, E; Tong, H J; Seremidi, K; Kloukos, D; BaniHani, A; Santamaría, R M; Hu, S; Maden, M; Amend, S; Boutsiouki, C; Bekes, K; Lygidakis, N; Frankenberger, R; Monteiro, J; Anttonnen, V; Leith, R; ... (2022). Best clinical practice guidance for treating deep carious lesions in primary teeth: an EAPD policy document. European archives of paediatric dentistry, 23(5), pp. 659-666. Springer 10.1007/s40368-022-00718-6

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The European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD) has developed this best clinical practice guidance to help clinicians manage deep carious lesions in primary teeth.


Three expert groups conducted systematic reviews of the relevant literature. The topics were: (1) conventional techniques (2) Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MID) and (3) materials. Workshops were held during the corresponding EAPD interim seminar in Oslo in April 2021. Several clinical based recommendations and statements were agreed upon, and gaps in our knowledge were identified.


There is strong evidence that indirect pulp capping and pulpotomy techniques, and 38% Silver Diamine Fluoride are shown to be effective for the management of caries in the primary dentition. Due to the strict criteria, it is not possible to give clear recommendations on which materials are most appropriate for restoring primary teeth with deep carious lesions. Atraumatic Restorative Technique (ART) is not suitable for multi-surface caries, and Pre-formed Metal Crowns (PMCs) using the Hall technique reduce patient discomfort. GIC and RMGIC seem to be more favourable given the lower annual failure rate compared to HVGIC and MRGIC. Glass carbomer cannot be recommended due to inferior marginal adaptation and fractures. Compomers, hybrid composite resins and bulk-fill composite resins demonstrated similar values for annual failure rates.


The management of deep carious lesions in primary teeth can be challenging and must consider the patient's compliance, operator skills, materials and costs. There is a clear need to increase the use of MID techniques in managing carious primary teeth as a mainstream rather than a compromise option.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Kloukos, Dimitrios (B)


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

12 Oct 2022 12:01

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:38

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Caries Caries management Dental materials Minimal intervention dentistry Primary molars Pulp treatment




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