Perioperative Fully Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery in Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery: An Open-Label, Randomized Controlled Trial.

Herzig, David; Suhner, Simon; Roos, Jonathan; Schürch, Daniel; Cecchini, Luca; Nakas, Christos T; Weiss, Salome; Kadner, Alexander; Kocher, Gregor J; Guensch, Dominik P; Wilinska, Malgorzata E; Raabe, Andreas; Siebenrock, Klaus A; Beldi, Guido; Gloor, Beat; Hovorka, Roman; Vogt, Andreas P; Bally, Lia (2022). Perioperative Fully Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery in Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery: An Open-Label, Randomized Controlled Trial. Diabetes care, 45(9), pp. 2076-2083. American Diabetes Association 10.2337/dc22-0438

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OBJECTIVE

Perioperative management of glucose levels remains challenging. We aimed to assess whether fully closed-loop subcutaneous insulin delivery would improve glycemic control compared with standard insulin therapy in insulin-requiring patients undergoing elective surgery.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS

We performed a single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial. Patients with diabetes (other than type 1) undergoing elective surgery were recruited from various surgical units and randomly assigned using a minimization schedule (stratified by HbA1c and daily insulin dose) to fully closed-loop insulin delivery with fast-acting insulin aspart (closed-loop group) or standard insulin therapy according to local clinical practice (control group). Study treatment was administered from hospital admission to discharge (for a maximum of 20 days). The primary end point was the proportion of time with sensor glucose in the target range (5.6-10.0 mmol/L).

RESULTS

Forty-five patients were enrolled and assigned to the closed-loop (n = 23) or the control (n = 22) group. One patient (closed-loop group) withdrew from the study before surgery and was not analyzed. Participants underwent abdominal (57%), vascular (23%), orthopedic (9%), neuro (9%), or thoracic (2%) surgery. The mean proportion of time that sensor glucose was in the target range was 76.7 ± 10.1% in the closed-loop and 54.7 ± 20.8% in the control group (mean difference 22.0 percentage points [95% CI 11.9; 32.0%]; P < 0.001). No episodes of severe hypoglycemia (<3.0 mmol/L) or hyperglycemia with ketonemia or any study-related adverse events occurred in either group.

CONCLUSIONS

In the context of mixed elective surgery, the use of fully closed-loop subcutaneous insulin delivery improves glucose control without a higher risk of hypoglycemia.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy > Partial clinic Insel
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Thoracic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Herzig, David; Suhner, Simon Mischa; Nakas, Christos T.; Weiss, Salome; Kadner, Alexander; Kocher, Gregor; Günsch, Dominik; Raabe, Andreas; Siebenrock, Klaus-Arno; Beldi, Guido; Gloor, Beat; Vogt, Andreas and Bally, Lia Claudia

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0149-5992

Publisher:

American Diabetes Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Söll

Date Deposited:

14 Oct 2022 14:49

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:26

Publisher DOI:

10.2337/dc22-0438

PubMed ID:

35880252

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/173750

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/173750

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