Dual diagnosis patients in substance abuse treatment: relationship of general coping and substance-specific coping to 1-year outcomes

Moggi, Franz; Ouimette, Paige Crosby; Moos, Rudolf H; Finney, John W (1999). Dual diagnosis patients in substance abuse treatment: relationship of general coping and substance-specific coping to 1-year outcomes. Addiction, 94(12), pp. 1805-1816. Wiley 10.1046/j.1360-0443.1999.941218056.x

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Aims: This study examined general and substance-specific coping skills and their relationship to treatment climate, continuing care and 1-year post-treatment functioning among dual diagnosis patients (i.e. co-occurrence of substance use and psychiatric disorders).

Design: In a prospective multi-site study, dual diagnosis patients participating in substance abuse treatment were assessed at intake, discharge and at a 1-year follow-up.

Setting: Patients were recruited from 15 substance abuse treatment programs, which were selected from a larger pool of 174 inpatient treatment programs in the Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System.

Participants: A total of 981 male dual diagnosis patients participated in the study.

Measurements: Assessments included general and substance-specific coping skills, treatment climate, continuing outpatient care, abstinence and clinically significant psychiatric symptoms.

Findings: Dual diagnosis patients modestly improved on general and substance-specific coping skills over the 1-year follow-up period. Patients who were in programs with a 'dual diagnosis treatment climate' and who participated in more 12-Step self-help groups showed slightly more gains in adaptive coping. Both general and substance-specific coping were associated with abstinence, but only general coping was associated with freedom from significant psychiatric symptoms.

Conclusions: Enhancing general and substance-specific coping skills in substance abuse treatment may reduce dual diagnosis patients' post-treatment substance use and improve their psychological functioning.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Moggi, Franz (A)


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Daniela Krneta Messmer

Date Deposited:

20 Oct 2022 08:54

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:38

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