Structure and function of CinD (YtjD) of Lactococcus lactis, a copper-induced nitroreductase involved in defense against oxidative stress

Mermod, Mélanie; Mourlane, Frédéric; Waltersperger, Sandro; Oberholzer, Anselm E; Baumann, Ulrich; Solioz, Marc (2010). Structure and function of CinD (YtjD) of Lactococcus lactis, a copper-induced nitroreductase involved in defense against oxidative stress. Journal of bacteriology, 192(16), pp. 4172-80. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/JB.00372-10

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In Lactococcus lactis IL1403, 14 genes are under the control of the copper-inducible CopR repressor. This so-called CopR regulon encompasses the CopR regulator, two putative CPx-type copper ATPases, a copper chaperone, and 10 additional genes of unknown function. We addressed here the function of one of these genes, ytjD, which we renamed cinD (copper-induced nitroreductase). Copper, cadmium, and silver induced cinD in vivo, as shown by real-time quantitative PCR. A knockout mutant of cinD was more sensitive to oxidative stress exerted by 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide and copper. Purified CinD is a flavoprotein and reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol and 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide with k(cat) values of 27 and 11 s(-1), respectively, using NADH as a reductant. CinD also exhibited significant catalase activity in vitro. The X-ray structure of CinD was resolved at 1.35 A and resembles those of other nitroreductases. CinD is thus a nitroreductase which can protect L. lactis against oxidative stress that could be exerted by nitroaromatic compounds and copper.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Hepatology

UniBE Contributor:

Solioz, Marc

ISSN:

0021-9193

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:11

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/JB.00372-10

PubMed ID:

20562311

Web of Science ID:

000280406300011

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/1740 (FactScience: 203680)

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