Residence times of groundwater along a flow path in the Great Artesian Basin determined by 81Kr, 36Cl and 4He: Implications for palaeo hydrogeology.

Purtschert, R; Love, A J; Jiang, W; Lu, Z-T; Yang, G-M; Fulton, S; Wohling, D; Shand, P; Aeschbach-Hertig, W; Broder, L; Müller, P; Tosaki, Y (2023). Residence times of groundwater along a flow path in the Great Artesian Basin determined by 81Kr, 36Cl and 4He: Implications for palaeo hydrogeology. The Science of the total environment, 859(Pt 1), p. 159886. Elsevier 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.159886

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Understanding the age distribution of groundwater can provide information on both the recharge history as well as the geochemical evolution of groundwater flow systems. Of the few candidates available that can be used to date old groundwater, 81Kr shows the most promise because its input function is constant through time and there are less sources and sinks to complicate the dating procedure in comparison to traditional tracers such as 36Cl and 4He. In this paper we use 81Kr in a large groundwater basin to obtain a better understanding of the residence time distribution of an unconfined-confined aquifer system. A suite of environmental tracers along a groundwater flow path in the south-west Great Artesian Basin of Australia have been sampled. All age tracers (85Kr, 39Ar 14C, 81Kr, 36Cl and 4He) display a consistent increase in groundwater age with distance from the recharge area indicating the presence of a connected flow path. Assuming that 81Kr is the most accurate dating technique the 36Cl/Cl systematics was unravelled to reveal information on recharge mechanism and chloride concentration at the time of recharge. Current-day recharge occurs via ephemeral river recharge beneath the Finke River, while diffuse recharge is minor in the young groundwaters. Towards the end of the transect the influence of ephemeral recharge is less while diffuse recharge and the initial chloride concentration at recharge were higher.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Purtschert, Roland

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

1879-1026

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

09 Nov 2022 10:17

Last Modified:

11 Dec 2022 00:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.159886

PubMed ID:

36347287

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dating Great Artesian Basin Groundwater Palaeoclimate Radio-Noblegas Recharge conditions

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/174612

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/174612

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