The supply of multiple ecosystem services requires biodiversity across spatial scales.

Le Provost, Gaëtane; Schenk, Noëlle V; Penone, Caterina; Thiele, Jan; Westphal, Catrin; Allan, Eric; Ayasse, Manfred; Blüthgen, Nico; Boeddinghaus, Runa S; Boesing, Andrea Larissa; Bolliger, Ralph; Busch, Verena; Fischer, Markus; Gossner, Martin M; Hölzel, Norbert; Jung, Kirsten; Kandeler, Ellen; Klaus, Valentin H; Kleinebecker, Till; Leimer, Sophia; ... (2022). The supply of multiple ecosystem services requires biodiversity across spatial scales. (In Press). Nature ecology & evolution Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/s41559-022-01918-5

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The impact of local biodiversity loss on ecosystem functioning is well established, but the role of larger-scale biodiversity dynamics in the delivery of ecosystem services remains poorly understood. Here we address this gap using a comprehensive dataset describing the supply of 16 cultural, regulating and provisioning ecosystem services in 150 European agricultural grassland plots, and detailed multi-scale data on land use and plant diversity. After controlling for land-use and abiotic factors, we show that both plot-level and surrounding plant diversity play an important role in the supply of cultural and aboveground regulating ecosystem services. In contrast, provisioning and belowground regulating ecosystem services are more strongly driven by field-level management and abiotic factors. Structural equation models revealed that surrounding plant diversity promotes ecosystem services both directly, probably by fostering the spill-over of ecosystem service providers from surrounding areas, and indirectly, by maintaining plot-level diversity. By influencing the ecosystem services that local stakeholders prioritized, biodiversity at different scales was also shown to positively influence a wide range of stakeholder groups. These results provide a comprehensive picture of which ecosystem services rely most strongly on biodiversity, and the respective scales of biodiversity that drive these services. This key information is required for the upscaling of biodiversity-ecosystem service relationships, and the informed management of biodiversity within agricultural landscapes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Schenk, Noëlle Valérie; Penone, Caterina; Allan, Eric; Bolliger, Ralph Frédéric; Fischer, Markus; Prati, Daniel and Saiz Bustamante, Hugo

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

2397-334X

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

16 Nov 2022 10:04

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41559-022-01918-5

PubMed ID:

36376602

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/174808

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