Kinetic modulation of bacterial hydrolases by microbial community structure in coastal waters.

Abad, N; Uranga, A; Ayo, B; Arrieta, J M; Baña, Z; Azúa, I; Artolozaga, I; Iriberri, J; González-Rojí, Santos J; Unanue, M (2023). Kinetic modulation of bacterial hydrolases by microbial community structure in coastal waters. Environmental microbiology, 25(2), pp. 548-561. Wiley 10.1111/1462-2920.16297

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In this study, we hypothesized that shifts in the kinetic parameters of extracellular hydrolytic enzymes may occur as a consequence of seasonal environmental disturbances and would reflect the level of adaptation of the bacterial community to the organic matter of the ecosystem. We measured the activities of enzymes that play a key role in the bacterial growth (leucine aminopeptidase, β- and α-glucosidase) in surface coastal waters of the Eastern Cantabrian Sea and determined their kinetic parameters by computing kinetic models of distinct complexity. Our results revealed the existence of two clearly distinct enzymatic systems operating at different substrate concentrations: a high-affinity system prevailing at low substrate concentrations and a low-affinity system characteristic of high substrate concentrations. These findings could be the result of distinct functional bacterial assemblages growing concurrently under sharp gradients of high molecular weight compounds. We constructed an ecological network based on contemporaneous and time-delayed correlations to explore the associations between the kinetic parameters and the environmental variables. The analysis revealed that the recurring phytoplankton blooms registered throughout the seasonal cycle trigger the wax and wane of those members of the bacterial community able to synthesize and secrete specific enzymes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Gonzalez Rojí, Santos José


500 Science > 530 Physics








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Date Deposited:

13 Dec 2022 13:51

Last Modified:

09 Dec 2023 00:25

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