The global historical climate database HCLIM.

Lundstad, Elin; Brugnara, Yuri; Pappert, Duncan; Kopp, Jérôme; Samakinwa, Eric Kayode; Hürzeler, André; Andersson, Axel; Chimani, Barbara; Cornes, Richard; Demarée, Gaston; Filipiak, Janusz; Gates, Lydia; Ives, Gemma L; Jones, Julie M; Jourdain, Sylvie; Kiss, Andrea; Nicholson, Sharon E; Przybylak, Rajmund; Jones, Philip; Rousseau, Daniel; ... (2023). The global historical climate database HCLIM. Scientific data, 10(1), p. 44. Springer Nature 10.1038/s41597-022-01919-w

s41597-022-01919-w.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (8MB) | Preview

There is a growing need for past weather and climate data to support science and decision-making. This paper describes the compilation and construction of a global multivariable (air temperature, pressure, precipitation sum, number of precipitation days) monthly instrumental climate database that encompasses a substantial body of the known early instrumental time series. The dataset contains series compiled from existing databases that start before 1890 (though continuing to the present) as well as a large amount of newly rescued data. All series underwent a quality control procedure and subdaily series were processed to monthly mean values. An inventory was compiled, and the collection was deduplicated based on coordinates and mutual correlations. The data are provided in a common format accompanied by the inventory. The collection totals 12452 meteorological records in 118 countries. The data can be used for climate reconstructions and analyses. It is the most comprehensive global monthly climate dataset for the preindustrial period so far.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Lundstad, Elin, Brugnara, Yuri, Pappert, Duncan Heinrich Hall, Kopp, Jérôme Jean, Samakinwa, Eric, Hürzeler, André, Brönnimann, Stefan


900 History > 910 Geography & travel
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology




Springer Nature




Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

25 Jan 2023 16:43

Last Modified:

05 Feb 2023 02:25

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback