Effect of PARP-1 Inhibition on Rotator Cuff Healing: A Feasibility Study Using Veliparib in a Rat Model of Acute Rotator Cuff Repair.

Künzler, Michael; McGarry, Michelle H; Akeda, Masaki; Ihn, Hansel; Karol, Agnieszka; von Rechenberg, Brigitte; Schär, Michael O; Zumstein, Matthias A; Lee, Thay Q (2023). Effect of PARP-1 Inhibition on Rotator Cuff Healing: A Feasibility Study Using Veliparib in a Rat Model of Acute Rotator Cuff Repair. The American journal of sports medicine, 51(3), pp. 758-767. Sage 10.1177/03635465221148494

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PARP-1 (poly[ADP-ribose]) was shown to influence the inflammatory response after rotator cuff tear, leading to fibrosis, muscular atrophy, and fatty infiltration in mouse rotator cuff degeneration. So far, it is not known how PARP-1 influences enthesis healing after rotator cuff tear repair.


This study aimed to examine the feasibility of oral PARP-1 inhibition and investigate its influence on rat supraspinatus enthesis and muscle healing after rotator cuff repair. The hypothesis was that oral PARP-1 inhibition would improve enthesis healing after acute rotator cuff repair in a rat model.


Controlled laboratory study.


In 24 Sprague-Dawley rats, the supraspinatus tendon was sharply detached and immediately repaired with a single transosseous suture. The rats were randomly allocated into 2 groups, with the rats in the inhibitor group receiving veliparib with a target dose of 12.5 mg/kg/d via drinking water during the postoperative recovery period. The animals were sacrificed 8 weeks after surgery. For the analysis, macroscopic, biomechanical, and histologic methods were used.


Oral veliparib was safe for the rats, with no adverse effects observed. In total, the inhibitor group had a significantly better histologic grading of the enthesis with less scar tissue formation. The macroscopic cross-sectional area of the supraspinatus muscles was 10.5% higher (P = .034) in the inhibitor group, which was in agreement with an 8.7% higher microscopic muscle fiber diameter on histologic sections (P < .0001). There were no statistically significant differences in the biomechanical properties between the groups.


This study is the first to investigate the influence of PARP-1 inhibition on healing enthesis. On the basis of these findings, we conclude that oral veliparib, which was previously shown to inhibit PARP-1 effectively, is safe to apply and has beneficial effects on morphologic enthesis healing and muscle fiber size.


Modulating the inflammatory response through PARP-1 inhibition during the postoperative healing period is a promising approach to improve enthesis healing and reduce rotator cuff retearing. With substances already approved by the Food and Drug Administration, PARP-1 inhibition bears high potential for future translation into clinical application.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Künzler, Michael, Schär, Michael, Zumstein, Matthias


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

07 Feb 2023 09:18

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 00:15

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Uncontrolled Keywords:

PARP-1 basic science enthesis healing poly-ADP(ribose)polymerase rotator cuff muscle rotator cuff tear





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