Mechanisms of the Nickel-Catalysed Hydrogenolysis and Cross-Coupling of Aryl Ethers

Borys, Andryj M.; Hevia, Eva (2022). Mechanisms of the Nickel-Catalysed Hydrogenolysis and Cross-Coupling of Aryl Ethers. Synthesis - journal of synthetic organic chemistry, 54(13), pp. 2976-2990. Thieme 10.1055/a-1806-4513

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

The Ni-catalysed hydrogenolysis and cross-coupling of aryl ethers has emerged as a powerful synthetic tool to transform inert phenol-derived electrophiles into functionalised aromatic molecules. This has attracted significant interest due to its potential to convert the lignin fraction of biomass into chemical feedstocks, or to enable orthogonal reactivity and late-stage synthetic modification. Although the scope of nucleophiles employed, and hence the C–C and C–heteroatom bonds that can be forged, has expanded significantly since Wenkert’s seminal work in 1979, mechanistic understanding on how these reactions operate is still uncertain since the comparatively inert Caryl–O bond of aryl ethers challenge the involvement of classical mechanisms involving direct oxidative addition to Ni(0). In this review, we document the different mechanisms that have been proposed in the Ni-catalysed hydrogenolysis and cross-coupling of aryl ethers. These include: (i) direct oxidative addition; (ii) Lewis acid assisted C–O bond cleavage; (iii) anionic nickelates, and; (iv) Ni(I) intermediates. Experimental and theoretical investigations by numerous research groups have generated a pool of knowledge that will undoubtedly facilitate future discoveries in the development of novel Ni-catalysed transformations of aryl ethers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)

UniBE Contributor:

Borys-Smith, Andryj Machaelo, Hevia Freire, Eva


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry








Franziska Bornhauser-Rufer

Date Deposited:

08 Feb 2023 12:09

Last Modified:

08 Feb 2023 23:28

Publisher DOI:



Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback