Uromodulin is expressed in renal primary cilia and UMOD mutations result in decreased ciliary uromodulin expression

Zaucke, Frank; Boehnlein, Joana M; Steffens, Sarah; Polishchuk, Roman S; Rampoldi, Luca; Fischer, Andreas; Pasch, Andreas; Boehm, Christoph W A; Baasner, Anne; Attanasio, Massimo; Hoppe, Bernd; Hopfer, Helmut; Beck, Bodo B; Sayer, John A; Hildebrandt, Friedhelm; Wolf, Matthias T F (2010). Uromodulin is expressed in renal primary cilia and UMOD mutations result in decreased ciliary uromodulin expression. Human molecular genetics, 19(10), pp. 1985-97. Oxford: Oxford University Press 10.1093/hmg/ddq077

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Uromodulin (UMOD) mutations are responsible for three autosomal dominant tubulo-interstitial nephropathies including medullary cystic kidney disease type 2 (MCKD2), familial juvenile hyperuricemic nephropathy and glomerulocystic kidney disease. Symptoms include renal salt wasting, hyperuricemia, gout, hypertension and end-stage renal disease. MCKD is part of the 'nephronophthisis-MCKD complex', a group of cystic kidney diseases. Both disorders have an indistinguishable histology and renal cysts are observed in either. For most genes mutated in cystic kidney disease, their proteins are expressed in the primary cilia/basal body complex. We identified seven novel UMOD mutations and were interested if UMOD protein was expressed in the primary renal cilia of human renal biopsies and if mutant UMOD would show a different expression pattern compared with that seen in control individuals. We demonstrate that UMOD is expressed in the primary cilia of renal tubules, using immunofluorescent studies in human kidney biopsy samples. The number of UMOD-positive primary cilia in UMOD patients is significantly decreased when compared with control samples. Additional immunofluorescence studies confirm ciliary expression of UMOD in cell culture. Ciliary expression of UMOD is also confirmed by electron microscopy. UMOD localization at the mitotic spindle poles and colocalization with other ciliary proteins such as nephrocystin-1 and kinesin family member 3A is demonstrated. Our data add UMOD to the group of proteins expressed in primary cilia, where mutations of the gene lead to cystic kidney disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Nephrology and Hypertension

UniBE Contributor:

Pasch, Andreas

ISSN:

0964-6906

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:11

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 05:56

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/hmg/ddq077

PubMed ID:

20172860

Web of Science ID:

000277238200011

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.1790

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/1790 (FactScience: 203816)

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