Chloride and Potassium Assessment are a helpful tool for Differential Diagnosis of Thiazide Associated Hyponatremia.

Potasso, Laura; Monnerat, Sophie; Refardt, Julie; Lindner, Gregor; Burst, Volker; Winzeler, Bettina; Christ-Crain, Mirjam (2023). Chloride and Potassium Assessment are a helpful tool for Differential Diagnosis of Thiazide Associated Hyponatremia. The journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 108(9), pp. 2248-2254. Oxford University Press 10.1210/clinem/dgad133

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CONTEXT

Differential diagnosis of thiazide associated hyponatremia (TAH) is challenging. Patients can eitherhave volume depletion or a syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD)-like presentation.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the impact of the simplified apparent strong ion difference in serum (aSID), sodium + potassium-chloride) as well as the urine chloride and potassium score (ChU, chloride-potassium in urine) in the differential diagnosis of TAH, in addition to assessment of fractional uric acid excretion (FUA).

DESIGN

Post-hoc analysis of prospectively collected data from June 2011 to August 2013.

SETTING

Hospitalized patients enrolled at University Hospital Basel and University Medical Clinic Aarau, Switzerland.

PATIENTS

98 patients with TAH < 125 mmol/l were included, divided according to treatment response in volume-depleted TAH requiring volume substitution or SIAD-like TAH requiring fluid restriction.

INTERVENTION

We computed sensitivity analyses with ROC curves.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

positive predictive value (ppv) and negative predictive value (npv) of aSID, ChU, and FUA in differential diagnosis of TAH.

RESULTS

An aSID > 42 mmol/l had a ppv of 79.1% in identifying patients with volume-depleted TAH, whereas a value < 39 mmol/l excluded it with a npv of 76.5%. In patients for whom aSID was inconclusive, a ChU < 15 mmol/l had a ppv of 100% and a npv of 83.3% whereas FUA < 12% had a ppv of 85.7% and a npv of 64.3% in identifying patients with volume-depleted TAH.

CONCLUSION

In patients with TAH, assessment of aSID, potassium and chloride in urine can help identifying patients with volume-depleted TAH requiring fluid substitution from patients with SIAD-like TAH requiring fluid restriction.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center

UniBE Contributor:

Lindner, Gregor

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1945-7197

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

13 Mar 2023 14:15

Last Modified:

19 Aug 2023 00:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1210/clinem/dgad133

PubMed ID:

36899489

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Sodium TAH diagnostic diuretic two-step approach

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/179925

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/179925

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