Centennial mineral dust variability in high-resolution ice core data from Dome C, Antarctica

Lambert, F.; Bigler, M.; Steffensen, J.P.; Hutterli, M.; Fischer, H. (2012). Centennial mineral dust variability in high-resolution ice core data from Dome C, Antarctica. Climate of the past, 8(2), pp. 609-623. Göttingen: Copernicus Publications 10.5194/cp-8-609-2012

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Ice core data from Antarctica provide detailed insights into the characteristics of past climate, atmospheric circulation, as well as changes in the aerosol load of the atmosphere. We present high-resolution records of soluble calcium (Ca2+), non-sea-salt soluble calcium (nssCa2+), and particulate mineral dust aerosol from the East Antarctic Plateau at a depth resolution of 1 cm, spanning the past 800 000 years. Despite the fact that all three parameters are largely dust-derived, the ratio of nssCa2+ to particulate dust is dependent on the particulate dust concentration itself. We used principal component analysis to extract the joint climatic signal and produce a common high-resolution record of dust flux. This new record is used to identify Antarctic warming events during the past eight glacial periods. The phasing of dust flux and CO2 changes during glacial-interglacial transitions reveals that iron fertilization of the Southern Ocean during the past nine glacial terminations was not the dominant factor in the deglacial rise of CO2 concentrations. Rapid changes in dust flux during glacial terminations and Antarctic warming events point to a rapid response of the southern westerly wind belt in the region of southern South American dust sources on changing climate conditions. The clear lead of these dust changes on temperature rise suggests that an atmospheric reorganization occurred in the Southern Hemisphere before the Southern Ocean warmed significantly.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Bigler, Matthias and Fischer, Hubertus

ISSN:

1814-9324

Publisher:

Copernicus Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:44

Last Modified:

15 Mar 2015 01:20

Publisher DOI:

10.5194/cp-8-609-2012

Additional Information:

Kollaboration. Es sind nur Berner Autoren namentlich erwähnt.

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.18148

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18148 (FactScience: 226013)

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