First continuous phosphate record from Greenland ice cores

Kjær, H. A.; Svensson, A.; Vallelonga, P.; Kettner, E.; Schüpbach, S.; Bigler, M.; Steffensen, J. P.; Hansson, M. E. (2012). First continuous phosphate record from Greenland ice cores. Climate of the past, 7(6), pp. 3959-3989. Göttingen: Copernicus Publications 10.5194/cpd-7-3959-2011

[img]
Preview
Text
cpd-7-3959-2011.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (955kB) | Preview

A continuous and highly sensitive absorption method for detection of soluble phosphate in ice cores has been developed using a molybdate reagent and a 2m liquid waveg- uide (LWCC). The method is optimized to meet the low concentrations of phosphate in Greenland ice, it has a detection limit of around 0.1ppb and a depth resolution of approximately 2cm. The new method has been applied to obtain phosphate concen- trations from segments of two Northern Greenland ice cores: from a shallow firn core covering the most recent 120yr and from the recently obtained deep NEEM ice core in which sections from the late glacial period have been analysed. Phosphate con- centrations in 20th century ice are around 0.32ppb with no indication of anthropogenic influence in the most recent ice. In the glacial part of the NEEM ice core concentra- tions in the cold stadial periods are significantly higher, in the range of 6–24ppb, while interstadial ice concentrations are around 2ppb. In the shallow firn core, a strong cor- relation between concentrations of phosphate and insoluble dust suggests a similar deposition pattern for phosphate and dust. In the glacial ice, phosphate and dust also correlate quite strongly, however it is most likely that this correlation originates from the phosphate binding to dust during transport, with only a fraction coming directly from dust. Additionally a constant ratio between phosphate and potassium concentrations shows evidence of a possible biogenic land source.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Schüpbach, Simon and Bigler, Matthias

ISSN:

1814-9324

Publisher:

Copernicus Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:44

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2014 10:12

Publisher DOI:

10.5194/cpd-7-3959-2011

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.18151

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18151 (FactScience: 226017)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback