Simulated winter circulation types in the North Atlantic and European region for preindustrial and glacial conditions

Hofer, D.; Raible, C.C.; Merz, N.; Dehnert, A.; Kuhlemann, J. (2012). Simulated winter circulation types in the North Atlantic and European region for preindustrial and glacial conditions. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(15), L15805. American Geophysical Union 10.1029/2012GL052296

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[1] Winter circulation types under preindustrial and glacial conditions are investigated and used to quantify their impact on precipitation. The analysis is based on daily mean sea level pressure fields of a highly resolved atmospheric general circulation model and focuses on the North Atlantic and European region. We find that glacial circulation types are dominated by patterns with an east-west pressure gradient, which clearly differs from the predominantly zonal patterns for the recent past. This is also evident in the frequency of occurrence of circulation types when projecting preindustrial circulation types onto the glacial simulations. The elevation of the Laurentide ice sheet is identified as a major cause for these differences. In areas of strong precipitation signals in glacial times, the changes in the frequencies of occurrence of the circulation types explain up to 60% of the total difference between preindustrial and glacial simulations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Hofer, Dominik; Raible, Christoph and Merz, Niklaus

ISSN:

0094-8276

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:44

Last Modified:

30 Oct 2015 18:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1029/2012GL052296

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.18172

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18172 (FactScience: 226038)

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