Uncovering the true periods of the young sub-Neptunes orbiting TOI-2076

Osborn, H. P.; Bonfanti, A.; Gandolfi, D.; Hedges, C.; Leleu, A.; Fortier, A.; Futyan, D.; Gutermann, P.; Maxted, P. F. L.; Borsato, L.; Collins, K. A.; Gomes da Silva, J.; Gómez Maqueo Chew, Y.; Hooton, M. J.; Lendl, M.; Parviainen, H.; Salmon, S.; Schanche, N.; Serrano, L. M.; Sousa, S. G.; ... (2022). Uncovering the true periods of the young sub-Neptunes orbiting TOI-2076. Astronomy and astrophysics, 664, A156. EDP Sciences 10.1051/0004-6361/202243065

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Context. TOI-2076 is a transiting three-planet system of sub-Neptunes orbiting a bright (G = 8.9 mag), young (340 ± 80 Myr) K-type star. Although a validated planetary system, the orbits of the two outer planets were unconstrained as only two non-consecutive transits were seen in TESS photometry. This left 11 and 7 possible period aliases for each.

Aims. To reveal the true orbits of these two long-period planets, precise photometry targeted on the highest-probability period aliases is required. Long-term monitoring of transits in multi-planet systems can also help constrain planetary masses through TTV measurements.

Methods. We used the MonoTools package to determine which aliases to follow, and then performed space-based and ground-based photometric follow-up of TOI-2076 c and d with CHEOPS, SAINT-EX, and LCO telescopes.

Results. CHEOPS observations revealed a clear detection for TOI-2076 c at d, and allowed us to rule out three of the most likely period aliases for TOI-2076 d. Ground-based photometry further enabled us to rule out remaining aliases and confirm the P = 35.12537 ± 0.00067 d alias. These observations also improved the radius precision of all three sub-Neptunes to 2.518 ± 0.036, 3.497 ± 0.043, and 3.232 ± 0.063 R⊕. Our observations also revealed a clear anti-correlated TTV signal between planets b and c likely caused by their proximity to the 2:1 resonance, while planets c and d appear close to a 5:3 period commensurability, although model degeneracy meant we were unable to retrieve robust TTV masses. Their inflated radii, likely due to extended H-He atmospheres, combined with low insolation makes all three planets excellent candidates for future comparative transmission spectroscopy with JWST.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Space and Habitability (CSH)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Osborn, Hugh Patrick, Fortier, A., Hooton, Matthew John, Schanche, Nicole Elizabeth, Wells, Robert Donald, Alibert, Yann Daniel Pierre, Beck, Thomas, Benz, Willy, Broeg, Christopher, Demory, Brice-Olivier Denys, Heng, Kevin, Schroffenegger, Urs Andreas, Thomas, Nicolas


500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering




EDP Sciences




Alma Hajdarevic

Date Deposited:

01 May 2023 08:18

Last Modified:

01 May 2023 08:28

Publisher DOI:






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