Transmission spectroscopy of MASCARA-1b with ESPRESSO: Challenges of overlapping orbital and Doppler tracks

Casasayas-Barris, N.; Borsa, F.; Palle, E.; Allart, R.; Bourrier, V.; Gonzalez Hernandez, J. I.; Kesseli, A.; Sánchez-López, A.; Zapatero Osorio, M. R.; Snellen, I. A. G.; Orell-Miquel, J.; Stangret, M.; Esparza-Borges, E.; Lovis, C.; Hooton, M. J.; Lend, M.; Smith, A. M. S.; Pepe, F.; Rebolo, R.; Cristiani, S.; ... (2022). Transmission spectroscopy of MASCARA-1b with ESPRESSO: Challenges of overlapping orbital and Doppler tracks. Astronomy and astrophysics, 664, A121. EDP Sciences 10.1051/0004-6361/202143016

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Atmospheric studies at high spectral resolution have shown the presence of molecules, neutral and ionised metals, and hydrogen in the
transmission spectrum of ultra-hot Jupiters, and have started to probe the dynamics of their atmospheres. We analyse the transmission
spectrum of MASCARA-1b, one of the densest ultra-hot Jupiters orbiting a bright (V = 8.3) star. We focus on the Ca II H&K, Na I
doublet, Li I, Hα, and K I D1 spectral lines and on the cross-correlated Fe I, Fe II, Ca I, Y I, V I, V II, CaH, and TiO lines. For those
species that are not present in the stellar spectrum, no detections are reported, but we are able to measure upper limits with an excellent
precision (∼10 ppm for particular species) thanks to the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) achieved with Echelle SPectrograph for Rocky
Exoplanets and Stable Spectroscopic Observations (ESPRESSO) observations. For those species that are present in the stellar spectrum
and whose planet-occulted spectral lines induce spurious features in the planetary transmission spectrum, an accurate modelling of
the Rossiter–McLaughlin effect (RM) and centre-to-limb variations (CLV) is necessary to recover possible atmospheric signals. In
the case of MASCARA-1b, this is difficult due to the overlap between the radial velocities of the stellar surface regions occulted
by MASCARA-1b and the orbital track along which the planet atmospheric signal is expected to be found. To try to disentangle
a possible planetary signal, we compare our results with models of the RM and CLV effects, and estimate the uncertainties of our
models depending on the different system parameters. Unfortunately, more precise measurements of the spin-orbit angle are necessary
to better constrain the planet-occulted track and correct for the transit effects in the transmission spectrum with enough precision to
be able to detect or discard possible planetary absorptions. Finally, we discuss the possibility that non-detections are related to the low
absorption expected for a high surface gravity planet such as MASCARA-1b. Other techniques such as emission spectroscopy may be
more useful for exploring their atmospheric composition.
Key words. planetary systems – planets and satellites: atmospheres – planets and satellites: individual: MASCARA-1b – methods:
observational – techniques: spectroscopic

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Hooton, Matthew John, Alibert, Yann Daniel Pierre


500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering




EDP Sciences




Alma Hajdarevic

Date Deposited:

08 May 2023 07:17

Last Modified:

08 May 2023 07:26

Publisher DOI:


ArXiv ID:





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