Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement versus Medical Therapy for Secondary Mitral Regurgitation: A Propensity Score-Matched Comparison.

Ludwig, Sebastian; Conradi, Lenard; Cohen, David J; Coisne, Augustin; Scotti, Andrea; Abraham, William T; Ben Ali, Walid; Zhou, Zhipeng; Li, Yanru; Kar, Saibal; Duncan, Alison; Lim, D Scott; Adamo, Marianna; Redfors, Björn; Muller, David W M; Webb, John G; Petronio, Anna Sonia; Ruge, Hendrik; Nickenig, Georg; Sondergaard, Lars; ... (2023). Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement versus Medical Therapy for Secondary Mitral Regurgitation: A Propensity Score-Matched Comparison. Circulation. Cardiovascular interventions, 16(6), e013045. American Heart Association 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.123.013045

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Background: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is an emerging therapeutic alternative for patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (MR). Outcomes of TMVR versus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) have not been investigated for this population. This study aimed to compare clinical outcomes of patients with secondary MR undergoing TMVR versus GDMT alone. Methods: The CHOICE-MI registry included patients with MR undergoing TMVR using dedicated devices. Patients with MR etiologies other than secondary MR were excluded. Patients treated with GDMT alone were derived from the control arm of the COAPT trial. We compared outcomes between the TMVR and GDMT groups, using propensity score (PS)-matching to adjust for baseline differences. Results: After PS-matching, 97 patient pairs undergoing TMVR (72.9±8.7 years, 60.8% male, transapical access 91.8%) versus GDMT (73.1±11.0 years, 59.8% male) were compared. At 1 and 2 years, residual MR was ≤1+ in all patients of the TMVR group compared to 6.9% and 7.7%, respectively, in those receiving GDMT alone (both p<0.001). The 2-year rate of HF hospitalization was significantly lower in the TMVR group (32.8% vs. 54.4%, HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.35-0.99; p=0.04). Among survivors, a higher proportion of patients were in NYHA functional class I or II in the TMVR group at 1 year (78.2% vs. 59.7%, p=0.03) and at 2 years (77.8% vs. 53.2%, p=0.09). Two-year mortality was similar in the two groups (TMVR vs. GDMT, 36.8% vs. 40.8%, HR 1.01, 95% CI 0.62-1.64; p=0.98). Conclusions: In this observational comparison, over 2-year follow-up, TMVR using mostly transapical devices in patients with secondary MR was associated with significant reduction of MR, symptomatic improvement, less frequent hospitalizations for HF and similar mortality compared with GDMT.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Praz, Fabien Daniel


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




American Heart Association




Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

19 May 2023 14:40

Last Modified:

18 Nov 2023 00:25

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