ITGAM rs1143679 Variant in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Is Associated with Increased Serum Calcification Propensity.

Halfon, Matthieu; Zhang, Li; Ehirchiou, Driss; Pandian, Vishnuprabu Durairaj; Dahdal, Suzan; Huynh-Do, Uyen; Pasch, Andreas; Ribi, Camillo; Busso, Nathalie (2023). ITGAM rs1143679 Variant in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Is Associated with Increased Serum Calcification Propensity. Genes, 14(5) MDPI, Molecular Diversity Preservation International 10.3390/genes14051105

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CD11B/ITGAM (Integrin Subunit α M) mediates the adhesion of monocytes, macrophages, and granulocytes and promotes the phagocytosis of complement-coated particles. Variants of the ITGAM gene are candidates for genetic susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SNP rs1143679 (R77H) of CD11B particularly increases the risk of developing SLE. Deficiency of CD11B is linked to premature extra-osseous calcification, as seen in the cartilage of animals with osteoarthritis. Serum calcification propensity measured by the T50 test is a surrogate marker for systemic calcification and reflects increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. We aimed to assess whether the CD11B R77H gene variant is associated with a higher serum calcification propensity (i.e., a lower T50 value) in SLE patients compared to the wild-type allele (WT).


Cross-sectional study incorporating adults with SLE genotyped for the CD11B variant R77H and assessed for serum calcification propensity with the T50 method. Participants were included in a multicenter trans-disciplinary cohort and fulfilled the 1997 revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE. We used descriptive statistics for comparing baseline characteristics and sequential T50 measurements in subjects with the R77H variant vs. WT CD11B.


Of the 167 patients, 108 (65%) were G/G (WT), 53 (32%) were G/A heterozygous, and 6 (3%) were A/A homozygous for the R77H variant. A/A patients cumulated more ACR criteria upon inclusion (7 ± 2 vs. 5 ± 1 in G/G and G/A; p = 0.02). There were no differences between the groups in terms of global disease activity, kidney involvement, and chronic renal failure. Complement C3 levels were lower in A/A individuals compared to others (0.6 ± 0.08 vs. 0.9 ± 0.25 g/L; p = 0.02). Baseline T50 did not differ between the groups (A/A 278 ± 42' vs. 297 ± 50' in G/G and G/A; p = 0.28). Considering all sequential T50 test results, serum calcification propensity was significantly increased in A/A individuals compared to others (253 ± 50 vs. 290 ± 54; p = 0.008).


SLE patients with homozygosity for the R77H variant and repeated T50 assessment displayed an increased serum calcification propensity (i.e., a lower T50) and lower C3 levels compared to heterozygous and WT CD11B, without differing with respect to global disease activity and kidney involvement. This suggests an increased CV risk in SLE patients homozygous for the R77H variant of CD11B.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Nephrology and Hypertension

UniBE Contributor:

Dahdal, Suzan, Huynh-Do, Uyen


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




MDPI, Molecular Diversity Preservation International




Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

30 May 2023 11:00

Last Modified:

31 May 2023 15:17

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

CD11B ITGAM calcification propensity complement lupus




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