A broadband thermal emission spectrum of the ultra-hot Jupiter WASP-18b.

Coulombe, Louis-Philippe; Benneke, Björn; Challener, Ryan; Piette, Anjali A A; Wiser, Lindsey S; Mansfield, Megan; MacDonald, Ryan J; Beltz, Hayley; Feinstein, Adina D; Radica, Michael; Savel, Arjun B; Dos Santos, Leonardo A; Bean, Jacob L; Parmentier, Vivien; Wong, Ian; Rauscher, Emily; Komacek, Thaddeus D; Kempton, Eliza M-R; Tan, Xianyu; Hammond, Mark; ... (2023). A broadband thermal emission spectrum of the ultra-hot Jupiter WASP-18b. Nature, 620(7973), pp. 292-298. Springer Nature 10.1038/s41586-023-06230-1

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Close-in giant exoplanets with temperatures greater than 2,000 K ("ultra-hot Jupiters") have been the subject of extensive efforts to determine their atmospheric properties using thermal emission measurements from the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes1-3. However, previous studies have yielded inconsistent results because the small sizes of the spectral features and the limited information content of the data resulted in high sensitivity to the varying assumptions made in the treatment of instrument systematics and the atmospheric retrieval analysis3-12. Here we present a dayside thermal emission spectrum of the ultra-hot Jupiter WASP-18b obtained with the NIRISS13 instrument on JWST. The data span 0.85 to 2.85 μm in wavelength at an average resolving power of 400 and exhibit minimal systematics. The spectrum shows three water emission features (at <6σ confidence) and evidence for optical opacity, possibly due to H-, TiO, and VO (combined significance of 3.8σ). Models that fit the data require a thermal inversion, molecular dissociation as predicted by chemical equilibrium, a solar heavy-element abundance ("metallicity", M/H = [Formula: see text] x solar), and a carbon-to-oxygen (C/O) ratio less than unity. The data also yield a dayside brightness temperature map, which shows a peak in temperature near the sub-stellar point that decreases steeply and symmetrically with longitude toward the terminators.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Space and Habitability (CSH)

UniBE Contributor:

Lee, Elspeth


500 Science > 520 Astronomy




Springer Nature




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Date Deposited:

01 Jun 2023 09:32

Last Modified:

12 Aug 2023 00:15

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