Polymorphic variants of the multidrug resistance gene Mdr1a and response to antiepileptic drug treatment in the kindling model of epilepsy

Baars, Cordula; Löscher, Wolfgang; Leeb, Tosso; Becker, Albert; Potschka, Heidrun (2006). Polymorphic variants of the multidrug resistance gene Mdr1a and response to antiepileptic drug treatment in the kindling model of epilepsy. European journal of pharmacology, 550(1-3), pp. 54-61. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.08.040

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Allelic variants of the human P-glycoprotein encoding gene MDR1 (ABCB1) are discussed to be associated with different clinical conditions including pharmacoresistance of epilepsy. However, conflicting data have been reported with regard to the functional relevance of MDR1 allelic variants for the response to antiepileptic drugs. To our knowledge, it is not known whether functionally relevant genetic polymorphisms also occur in the two genes (Mdr1a/Abcb1a, Mdr1b/Abcb1b) coding for P-glycoprotein in the brain of rodents. Therefore, we have started to search for polymorphisms in the Mdr1a gene, which governs the expression of P-glycoprotein in brain capillary endothelial cells in rats. In the kindling model of temporal lobe epilepsy, subgroups of phenytoin-sensitive and phenytoin-resistant rats were selected in repeated drug trials. Sequencing of the Mdr1a gene coding sequence in the subgroups revealed no general differences between drug-resistant and drug-sensitive rats of the Wistar outbred strain. A comparison between different inbred and outbred rat strains also gave no evidence for polymorphisms in the Mdr1a coding sequence. However, in exon-flanking intron sequences, four genetic variants were identified by comparison between these rats strains. In conclusion, the finding that Wistar rats vary in their response to phenytoin, while having the same genetic background, argues against a major impact of Mdr1a genetics on pharmacosensitivity to antiepileptic drugs in the amygdala kindling model.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics

UniBE Contributor:

Leeb, Tosso

ISSN:

0014-2999

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

21 Jan 2014 15:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.08.040

PubMed ID:

17045987

Web of Science ID:

000241790800008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18457 (FactScience: 600)

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