Dual-loop circuits in postoperative atrial macro re-entrant tachycardias

Seiler, Jens; Schmid, Dorothy K; Irtel, Thiemo A; Tanner, Hildegard; Rotter, Martin; Schwick, Nicola; Delacrétaz, Etienne (2006). Dual-loop circuits in postoperative atrial macro re-entrant tachycardias. Heart, 93(3), pp. 325-330. London: BMJ Publishing Group 10.1136/hrt.2006.094748

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Background Patients late after open-heart surgery may develop dual-loop reentrant atrial arrhythmias, and mapping and catheter ablation remain challenging despite computer-assisted mapping techniques. Objectives The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the prevalence and characteristics of dual-loop reentrant arrhythmias, and to define the optimal mapping and ablation strategy. Methods Fourty consecutive patients (mean age 52+/-12 years) with intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia (IART) after open-heart surgery (with an incision of the right atrial free wall) were studied. Dual-loop IART was defined as the presence of two simultaneous atrial circuits. Following an abrupt tachycardia change during radiofrequency (RF) ablation, electrical disconnection of the targeted reentry isthmus from the remaining circuit was demonstrated by entrainment mapping. Furthermore, the second circuit loop was localized using electroanatomic mapping and/or entrainment mapping. Results Dual-loop IART was demonstrated in 8 patients (20%, 5 patients with congenital heart disease, 3 with acquired heart disease). Dual-loop IART included an isthmus-dependant atrial flutter combined with a reentry related to the atriotomy scar. The diagnosis of dual-loop IART required the comparison of entrainment mapping before and after tachycardiamodification. Overall, 35 patients had successful RF ablation (88%). Success rates were lower in patients with dual-loop IART than in patient without dual-loop IART. Ablation failures in 3 patients with dual-loop IART were related to the inability to properly transect the second tachycardia isthmus in the right atrial free wall. Conclusions Dual-loop IART is relatively common after heart surgery involving a right atriotomy. Abrupt tachycardia change and specific entrainment mapping maneuvers demonstrate these circuits. Electroanatomic mapping appears to be important to assist catheter ablation of periatriotomy circuits.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Seiler, Jens; Irtel, Thiemo; Tanner, Hildegard; Rotter, Martin Daniel; Schwick, Nicola Gillian and Delacrétaz, Etienne

ISSN:

1355-6037

ISBN:

16980513

Publisher:

BMJ Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2016 10:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1136/hrt.2006.094748

PubMed ID:

16980513

Web of Science ID:

000244426100011

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18498 (FactScience: 658)

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