Pitfalls when examining gap junction hemichannels: interference from volume-regulated anion channels

Bader, Patrick; Weingart, Robert (2006). Pitfalls when examining gap junction hemichannels: interference from volume-regulated anion channels. Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 452(4), pp. 396-406. Berlin: Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00424-006-0046-9

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Human HeLa cells transfected with mouse connexin45 were used to explore the experimental conditions suitable to measure currents carried by gap junction hemichannels. Experiments were performed with a voltage-clamp technique and whole-cell recording. Lowering [Ca(2+)](o) from 2 mM to 20 nM evoked an extra current, I (m), putatively carried by Cx45 hemichannels. However, the variability of I (m) (size, voltage sensitivity, kinetics) suggested the involvement of other channels. The finding that growth medium in the incubator increased the osmolarity with time implied that volume-regulated anion channels (VRAC) may participate. This assumption was reinforced by the following observations. On the one hand, keeping [Ca(2+)](o) normal while the osmolarity of the extracellular solution was reduced from 310 to 290 mOsm yielded a current characteristic of VRAC; I (VRAC) activated/deactivated at negative/positive voltage, giving rise to the conductance functions g (VRAC,inst)=f(V (m)) (inst: instantaneous; V (m): membrane potential) and g (VRAC,ss)=f(V (m)) (ss: steady state). Moreover, it was reversibly inhibited by mibefradil, a Cl(-)channel blocker (binding constant K (d)=38 microM, Hill coefficient n=12), but not by the gap junction channel blocker 18alpha-glycyrrhetinic acid. On the other hand, minimizing the osmotic imbalance while [Ca(2+)](o) was reduced led to a current typical for Cx45 hemichannels; I (hc) activated/deactivated at positive/negative voltage. Furthermore, it was reversibly inhibited by 18alpha-glycyrrhetinic acid or palmitoleic acid, but not by mibefradil. Computations based on g (VRAC,ss)=f(V (m)) and g (hc,ss)=f(V (m)) indicated that the concomitant operation of both currents results in a bell-shaped conductance-voltage relationship. The functional implications of the data presented are discussed. Conceivably, VRAC and hemichannels are involved in a common signaling pathway.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Physiology

UniBE Contributor:

Weingart, Robert

ISSN:

0031-6768

ISBN:

16604368

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

06 Aug 2020 08:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00424-006-0046-9

PubMed ID:

16604368

Web of Science ID:

000238522600004

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.18530

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18530 (FactScience: 716)

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