Migration of immature mouse DC across resting endothelium is mediated by ICAM-2 but independent of beta2-integrins and murine DC-SIGN homologues

Wethmar, Klaus; Helmus, Yvonne; Lühn, Kerstin; Jones, Claire; Laskowska, Anna; Varga, Georg; Grabbe, Stephan; Lyck, Ruth; Engelhardt, Britta; Bixel, M Gabriele; Butz, Stefan; Loser, Karin; Beissert, Stefan; Ipe, Ute; Vestweber, Dietmar; Wild, Martin K (2006). Migration of immature mouse DC across resting endothelium is mediated by ICAM-2 but independent of beta2-integrins and murine DC-SIGN homologues. European journal of immunology, 36(10), pp. 2781-94. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH 10.1002/eji.200526311

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Immature dendritic cells (DC) reside in tissues where they initiate immune responses by taking up foreign antigens. Since DC have a limited tissue half-life, the DC pool in tissues has to be replenished constantly. This implies that precursor/immature DC must be able to cross non-activated endothelium using as yet unknown mechanisms. Here we show that immature, but not mature bone marrow-derived murine DC migrate across resting endothelial monolayers in vitro. We find that endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule-2 (ICAM-2) is a major player in transendothelial migration (TEM) of immature DC, accounting for at least 41% of TEM. Surprisingly, the ICAM-2-mediated TEM was independent of beta2-integrins, the known ICAM-2 ligands, since neither blocking of beta2-integrins with antibodies nor the use of CD18-deficient DC affected the ICAM-2-specific TEM. In humans, the C-type lectin DC-specific ICAM-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) was shown to interact with ICAM-2, suggesting a similar role in mice. However, we find that none of the murine DC-SIGN homologues mDC-SIGN, murine DC-SIGN-related molecule-1 (mSIGN-R1) and mSIGN-R3 is expressed on the surface of bone marrow-derived mouse DC. Taken together, this study shows that ICAM-2 strongly supports transmigration of immature DC across resting endothelium by interacting with ligands that are distinct from beta2-integrins and DC-SIGN homologues.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Lyck, Ruth and Engelhardt, Britta

ISSN:

0014-2980

ISBN:

16981228

Publisher:

Wiley-VCH

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 21:43

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/eji.200526311

PubMed ID:

16981228

Web of Science ID:

000241465700022

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18592 (FactScience: 792)

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