Coprological study on intestinal helminths in Swiss dogs: temporal aspects of anthelminthic treatment

Sager, H; Moret, Ch Steiner; Grimm, F; Deplazes, P; Doherr, M G; Gottstein, B (2006). Coprological study on intestinal helminths in Swiss dogs: temporal aspects of anthelminthic treatment. Parasitology research, 98(4), pp. 333-8. Berlin: Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00436-005-0093-8

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Coproscopic examination of 505 dogs originating from the western or central part of Switzerland revealed the presence (prevalence data) of the following helminthes: Toxocara canis (7.1%), hookworms (6.9%), Trichuris vulpis (5.5%), Toxascaris leonina (1.3%), Taeniidae (1.3%), Capillaria spp. (0.8%), and Diphyllobothrium latum (0.4%). Potential risk factors for infection were identified by a questionnaire: dogs from rural areas significantly more often had hookworms and taeniid eggs in their feces when compared to urban family dogs. Access to small rodents, offal, and carrion was identified as risk factor for hookworm and Taeniidae, while feeding of fresh and uncooked meat did not result in higher prevalences for these helminths. A group of 111 dogs was treated every 3 months with a combined medication of pyrantel embonate, praziquantel, and febantel, and fecal samples were collected for coproscopy in monthly intervals. Despite treatment, the yearly incidence of T. canis was 32%, while hookworms, T. vulpis, Capillaria spp., and Taeniidae reached incidences ranging from 11 to 22%. Fifty-seven percent of the 111 dogs had helminth eggs in their feces at least once during the 1-year study period. This finding implicates that an infection risk with potential zoonotic pathogens cannot be ruled out for the dog owner despite regular deworming four times a year.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DVK - Clinical Research (discontinued)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research

UniBE Contributor:

Sager, Heinz; Doherr, Marcus and Gottstein, Bruno

ISSN:

0932-0113

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:40

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00436-005-0093-8

PubMed ID:

16374614

Web of Science ID:

000235547500009

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.18640

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18640 (FactScience: 841)

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