Influence of local anaesthesia on pain and distress induced by two bloodless castration methods in young lambs

Mellema, Sibylle C; Doherr, Marcus G; Wechsler, Beat; Thueer, Susann; Steiner, Adrian (2006). Influence of local anaesthesia on pain and distress induced by two bloodless castration methods in young lambs. Veterinary journal, 172(2), pp. 274-83. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.tvjl.2005.06.002

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To assess short- and long-term effects of bloodless castration methods with and without local anaesthesia, behavioural and cortisol responses of lambs were used as indicators of pain and distress. Seventy lambs, aged 2-7 days, were control-handled or castrated by Burdizzo or rubber ring methods with and without local anaesthesia. Either 5 mL of diluted lidocaine (4 mg/kg) or physiological sodium chloride solution was distributed in both spermatic cords and the scrotal neck. The serum cortisol response was monitored for 48 h, and behavioural and clinical traits were followed for three months. Local anaesthesia tended to reduce behavioural and cortisol responses after Burdizzo castration and provided a significant reduction after rubber ring castration. Prolonged pain after rubber ring castration with anaesthesia was not evident. If combined with local anaesthesia, both the rubber ring and the Burdizzo methods are acceptable methods for castration of lambs up to one week of age.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DVK - Clinical Research (discontinued)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research

UniBE Contributor:

Mellema, Sibylle; Doherr, Marcus and Steiner, Adrian

ISSN:

1090-0233

Publisher:

Elsevier

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

03 Feb 2015 11:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.tvjl.2005.06.002

PubMed ID:

16051508

Web of Science ID:

000240063900012

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18643 (FactScience: 844)

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