Comparison of auditory brainstem response and electrocochleography to assess the coupling efficiency of active middle ear implants.

Gawliczek, Tom; Mantokoudis, Georgios; Anschuetz, Lukas; Caversaccio, Marco D; Weder, Stefan (2023). Comparison of auditory brainstem response and electrocochleography to assess the coupling efficiency of active middle ear implants. Frontiers in neurology, 14(1231403), p. 1231403. Frontiers Media S.A. 10.3389/fneur.2023.1231403

fneur-14-1231403.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (1MB) | Preview


This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and extracochlear electrocochleography (ECochG) in objectively evaluating the coupling efficiency of floating mass transducer (FMT) placement during active middle ear implant (AMEI) surgery.


We enrolled 15 patients (mean age 58.5 ± 19.4 years) with mixed hearing loss who underwent AMEI implantation (seven ossicular chain and eight round window couplings). Before the surgical procedure, an audiogram was performed. We utilized a clinical measurement system to stimulate and record intraoperative ABR and ECochG recordings. The coupling efficiency of the VSB was evaluated through ECochG and ABR threshold measurements. Postoperatively, we conducted an audiogram and a vibrogram.


In all 15 patients, ABR threshold testing successfully determined intraoperative coupling efficiency, while ECochG was successful in only eight patients. In our cohort, ABR measurements were more practical, consistent, and robust than ECochG measurements. Coupling efficiency, calculated as the difference between vibrogram thresholds and postoperative bone conduction thresholds, was found to be more accurately predicted by ABR measurements (p = 0.016, R2 = 0.37) than ECochG measurements (p = 0.761, R2 = 0.02). We also found a non-significant trend toward better results with ossicular chain coupling compared to round window coupling.


Our findings suggest that ABR measurements are more practical, robust, and consistent than ECochG measurements for determining coupling efficiency during FMT placement surgery. The use of ABR measurements can help to identify the optimal FMT placement, especially with round window coupling. Finally, we offer normative data for both techniques, which can aid other clinical centers in using intraoperative monitoring for AMEI placement.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Gawliczek, Tom, Mantokoudis, Georgios, Anschütz, Lukas Peter, Caversaccio, Marco, Weder, Stefan Andreas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Frontiers Media S.A.




Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

26 Sep 2023 15:26

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2023 02:24

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Vibrant Soundbridge active middle ear implant auditory brainstem response coupling efficiency electrocochleography objective measures




Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback