LH and IGF-1 release during oestrus and early luteal phase in lactating and non-lactating horse mares

Deichsel, K; Aurich, J; Parvizi, N; Bruckmaier, R M; Aurich, C (2006). LH and IGF-1 release during oestrus and early luteal phase in lactating and non-lactating horse mares. Animal reproduction science, 91(1-2), pp. 97-106. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2005.03.002

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The aim of the present study was to determine effects of lactation on basal LH and IGF-1 concentrations and on the LH response to a GnRH-analogue at different stages of the oestrous cycle in mares. A total of 17 cyclic Haflinger mares were included in the study. Experiments were performed on lactating mares in first postpartum oestrus, the subsequent early luteal phase, and second postpartum oestrus. Non-lactating mares were used in oestrus and early luteal phase. Blood samples were taken for 1 h at 15 min intervals. Mares were then injected with the GnRH-analogue buserelin (GnRHa; 5 microg i.v.) and blood samples were drawn every 15 min for further 2 h. LH in all samples and basal IGF-1-concentrations were determined by RIA. In lactating mares, basal LH concentrations during the early luteal phase tended to be lower (p = 0.07) and the LH response to GnRHa, calculated as area under the curve, was significantly less pronounced compared to non-lactating mares (p < 0.01). As well in lactating mares, the basal LH concentration between first early luteal phase and second oestrus differed significantly (p < 0.05) and the net response to GnRHa was significantly lower between first oestrus as well as second oestrus and first early luteal phase (p < 0.05) but not between first and second oestrous postpartum. Within the group of non-lactating mares, the LH response to GnRHa was as well significantly lower during oestrus than during early luteal phase (p < 0.01). IGF-1 concentrations differed neither between groups nor stages of the cycle within groups. In conclusion, basal and GnRHa-stimulated LH release in lactating mares is lower than in non-lactating mares. This difference, however, occurs only in the early luteal phase. In lactating mares, concentrations of LH appear adequate to allow ovulation to occur.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Physiology

UniBE Contributor:

Bruckmaier, Rupert








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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

21 Jan 2014 15:05

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18740 (FactScience: 978)

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