Impact of del32-71-GH (exon 3 skipped GH) on intracellular GH distribution, secretion and cell viability: a quantitative confocal microscopy analysis

Salemi, Souzan; Yousefi, Shida; Eblé, Andrée; Deladoëy, Johnny; Mullis, Primus E (2006). Impact of del32-71-GH (exon 3 skipped GH) on intracellular GH distribution, secretion and cell viability: a quantitative confocal microscopy analysis. Hormone research, 65(3), pp. 132-41. Basel: Karger 10.1159/000091607

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BACKGROUND: Familial isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) is a disorder with about 5-30% of patients having affected relatives. Among those familial types, IGHD type II is an autosomal dominant form of short stature, associated in some families with mutations that result in missplicing to produce del32-71-GH, a GH peptide which cannot fold properly. The mechanism by which this mutant GH may alter the controlled secretory pathway and therefore suppress the secretion of the normal 22-kDa GH product of the normal allele is not known in detail. Previous studies have shown variance depending on cell type, transfection technique used, as well as on the method of analysis performed. AIM: The aim of our study was to analyse and compare the subcellular distribution/localization of del32-71-GH or wild-type (wt)-GH (22-kDa GH), each stably transfected into AtT-20, a mouse pituitary cell line endogenously producing ACTH, employed as the internal control for secretion assessment. METHODS: Colocalization of wt- and del32-71 mutant GH form was studied by quantitative confocal microscopy analysis. Using the immunofluorescent technique, cells were double stained for GH plus one of the following organelles: endoplasmic reticulum (ER anti-Grp94), Golgi (anti-betaCOP) or secretory granules (anti-Rab3a). In addition, GH secretion and cell viability were analysed in detail. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that in AtT-20 neuroendocrine cells, in comparison to the wt-GH, the del32-71-GH has a major impact on the secretory pathway not only affecting GH but also other peptides such as ACTH. The del32-71-GH is still present at the secretory vesicles' level, albeit in reduced quantity when compared to wt-GH but, importantly, was secretion-deficient. Furthermore, while focusing on cell viability an additional finding presented that the various splice site mutations, even though leading eventually to the same end product, namely del32-71-GH, have different and specific consequences on cell viability and proliferation rate.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Yousefi, Shida; Deladoëy, Johnny and Mullis, Primus-Eugen

ISSN:

0301-0163

ISBN:

16491012

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000091607

PubMed ID:

16491012

Web of Science ID:

000235916000005

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18757 (FactScience: 995)

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