Influence of intraocular lens material on the development of acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery?

Kodjikian, L; Beby, F; Rabilloud, M; Bruslea, D; Halphen, I; Fleury, J; Grange, J-D; Garweg, J G (2006). Influence of intraocular lens material on the development of acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery? Eye, 22(2), pp. 184-193. London: Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/sj.eye.6702544

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PurposeTo investigate the causal relationship between acute postoperative endophthalmitis (POE) after cataract surgery and the biomaterial properties of the intraocular lens (IOLs) implanted.MethodsThis retrospective cohort study included all patients who had undergone cataract surgery with IOL implantation at the Lyon Croix-Rousse University Hospital between 1st January 1994 and 31st December 2004. Details respecting the type of IOL implanted (material and manufacturer) were meticulously recorded. The number of patients presenting with POE within 6 weeks of cataract surgery was documented together with their medical characteristics. These data were then compared, and Fisher's exact test was used to establish the significance of any apparent associations.ResultsEight of the 5837 eyes manifested acute POE (0.14%). Seven of these were composed of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and one of heparinized PMMA. Patients with PMMA IOLs carried a higher risk of developing POE than did those implanted with either heparinized PMMA (P=0.001), hydrophilic acrylic, or hydrophobic acrylic IOLs (P=0.002).ConclusionsThe incidence of acute POE after cataract surgery in our hospital is similar to that currently reported for other institutions in developed countries. Our results add further evidence that IOL material and type are factors contributing to the risk to develop an acute POE after cataract surgery, and that PMMA IOLs may be associated with an increased risk of POE.Eye advance online publication, 15 September 2006; doi:10.1038/sj.eye.6702544.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology

UniBE Contributor:

Garweg, Justus

ISSN:

0950-222X

ISBN:

16980932

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2016 10:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/sj.eye.6702544

PubMed ID:

16980932

Web of Science ID:

000253141400004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18855 (FactScience: 1109)

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