Early assessment of brain maturation by MR imaging segmentation in neonates and premature infants

Zacharia, A; Zimine, S; Lövblad, Karl-Olof; Warfield, S; Thöny, Harriet C.; Ozdoba, Christoph; Bossi, E; Kreis, Roland; Bösch, Christoph Hans; Schroth, Gerhard; Hüppi, P S (2006). Early assessment of brain maturation by MR imaging segmentation in neonates and premature infants. American journal of neuroradiology AJNR, 27(5), pp. 972-7. Oak Brook, Ill.: American Society of Neuroradiology

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

PURPOSE: We evaluated the impact of premature extrauterine life on brain maturation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve neonates underwent MR imaging at 40 (39.64 +/- 0.98) weeks (full term). Fifteen premature infants underwent 2 MR imaging examinations, after birth (preterm at birth) and at 40 weeks (41.03 +/- 1.33) (preterm at term). A 3D MR imaging technique was used to measure brain volumes compared with intracranial volume: total brain volume, cortical gray matter, myelinated white matter, unmyelinated white matter, basal ganglia (BG), and CSF. RESULTS: The average absolute volume of intracranial volume (269.8 mL +/- 36.5), total brain volume (246.5 +/- 32.3), cortical gray matter (85.53 mL +/- 22.23), unmyelinated white matter (142.4 mL +/-14.98), and myelinated white matter (6.099 mL +/-1.82) for preterm at birth was significantly lower compared with that for the preterm at term: the average global volume of intracranial volume (431.7 +/- 69.98), total brain volume (391 +/- 66,1), cortical gray matter (179 mL +/- 41.54), unmyelinated white matter (185.3 mL +/- 30.8), and myelinated white matter (10.66 mL +/- 3.05). It was also lower compared with that of full-term infants: intracranial volume (427.4 mL +/- 53.84), total brain volume (394 +/- 49.22), cortical gray matter (181.4 +/- 29.27), unmyelinated white matter (183.4 +/- 27.37), and myelinated white matter (10.72 +/- 4.63). The relative volume of cortical gray matter (30.62 +/- 5.13) and of unmyelinated white matter (53.15 +/- 4.8) for preterm at birth was significantly different compared with the relative volume of cortical gray matter (41.05 +/- 5.44) and of unmyelinated white matter (43.22 +/- 5.11) for the preterm at term. Premature infants had similar brain tissue volumes at 40 weeks to full-term infants. CONCLUSION: MR segmentation techniques demonstrate that cortical neonatal maturation in moderately premature infants at term and term-born infants was similar.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology > DCR Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Methodology (AMSM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Pavillon 52 > Abt. Magnetresonanz-Spektroskopie und Methodologie, AMSM
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Other Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR)

UniBE Contributor:

Lövblad, Karl-Olof; Thöny, Harriet C.; Ozdoba, Christoph; Kreis, Roland; Bösch, Christoph Hans and Schroth, Gerhard

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0195-6108

ISBN:

16687526

Publisher:

American Society of Neuroradiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:46

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:13

PubMed ID:

16687526

Web of Science ID:

000237602000008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18969 (FactScience: 1245)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback