Aortic Valve Planimetry in Aortic Stenosis Quantification: Reliability of Three-Dimensional-Multiplane Reconstruction and Comparison With Established Methods.

Blaser, Isaac; Papadis, Athanasios; Kassar, Mohammad; Nozica, Nikolas; Gräni, Christoph; Seiler, Christian; De Marchi, Stefano; Buffle, Eric (2024). Aortic Valve Planimetry in Aortic Stenosis Quantification: Reliability of Three-Dimensional-Multiplane Reconstruction and Comparison With Established Methods. The American journal of cardiology, 211, pp. 287-290. Elsevier 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.11.018

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We aim to evaluate the reliability and consistency of measuring the aortic valve area (AVA) using 3-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography and compare it with invasive and noninvasive methods using a continuity equation (CE). Measurements were taken from 119 patients with different severity of aortic stenosis and with normal aortic valve who underwent elective transesophageal echocardiography encompassing the whole spectrum of aortic opening. Three methods were compared to determine AVA. First, the effective AVA was calculated with the standard CE, where the left ventricular outflow tract area was calculated from its 2-dimensional diameter (AVA-CEstd). Second, a modified CE method (AVA-CEmod) was used, in which the left ventricular outflow tract area was measured using 3D-multiplane reconstruction. Third, the geometric AVA was directly measured using 3D-multiplane reconstruction planimetry (AVA-3D). Interobserver and intraobserver variability were analyzed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). The values were measured by two blinded readers for interobserver variability and by one observer on the same dataset. AVA-3D was significantly larger than AVA-CEmod and AVA-CEstd (1.87 ± 1.00 cm2 vs 1.81 ± 0.92 cm2 p = 0.03 and 1.87 ± 1.00 cm2 vs 1.71 ± 0.85 cm2 p <0.001). However, in the subset of patients with AVA-3D <1.5 cm2, there was no significant difference between AVA-3D and AVA-CEmod (1.06 ± 0.24 vs 1.08 ± 0.26 cm2, paired t test: t = 0.77, degree of freedom = 58, p = 0.44). The ICC between the measurements of AVA-3D and AVA-CEmod (ICC 0.979), and AVA-3D and AVA- CEstd (ICC 0.940), were excellent. AVA-3D delivers very similar results as compared with more established echocardiographic parameters. The difference between effective and geometric AVA did not appear to be clinically relevant in patients with a higher degree of stenosis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Blaser, Isaac, Papadis, Athanasios, Kassar, Mohammad, Nozica, Nikolas, Gräni, Christoph, Seiler, Christian, De Marchi, Stefano, Buffle, Eric Jacques


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Vjollca Coli

Date Deposited:

28 Dec 2023 13:19

Last Modified:

07 Jan 2024 00:20

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

3D echocardiography aortic valve stenosis planimetry transesophageal echocardiography




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