Secondary retensioning of a tether-based device for transapical transcatheter mitral valve implantation.

Beyer, Martin; Muller, David; De Marco, Federico; Badhwar, Vinay; Obadia, Jean-Francois; Praz, Fabien; Modine, Thomas; Tonino, Pim; Dahle, Gry; Cerillo, Alfredo; Ludwig, Sebastian; Conradi, Lenard (2024). Secondary retensioning of a tether-based device for transapical transcatheter mitral valve implantation. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery, 65(1) Oxford University Press 10.1093/ejcts/ezad430

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Relevant paravalvular leakage (PVL) due to prothesis dislodgement is a rare but potentially severe complication after transcatheter mitral valve implantation (TMVI). Due to the epicardial anchoring mechanism of the Tendyne® TMVI-system, repositioning of the valve stent may be possible by retensioning of the tether. This multicentre-study aimed to investigate the procedural and short-term safety as well as efficacy of retensioning-maneuvers.


From 2017 to 2021, N = 18 patients who underwent secondary tether-retensioning were identified. Baseline, procedural and follow-up data were available from N = 11 patients and analyzed according to the Mitral Valve Research Consortium (MVARC) definitions. Continuous variables are shown as median with interquartile range.


All Patients [age 75 years (73.5, 85.0), 64% male (N = 7), EuroSCORE II 6.2% (5.8, 11.6)] presented with post-procedural PVL [63.6% (N = 7) with PVL ≥ 3+]. Of these, 54% (N = 6) showed signs of hemolysis. The majority were severely symptomatic [NYHA≥III (91%, N = 10)]. Procedural outcomes revealed no acute complications and no mortality. At discharge, PVL was completely eliminated in 91% (N = 10) of patients with one case of remaining moderate PVL. At 30 days, MVARC device success was achieved in 82% (N = 9) of patients. Two patients required open surgical mitral valve replacement due to persistent and recurrent PVL. In 89% (N = 8) of patients with successful retensioning procedure NYHA-class was I/II. There was no 30-day mortality.


This multicentre-study demonstrates technical feasibility, procedural safety and acute efficacy of retensioning-procedures in the majority of patients. The potential to retension the tether in transapical TMVI may provide additional management advantages in populations at high surgical risk.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Praz, Fabien Daniel


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Oxford University Press




Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

03 Jan 2024 18:08

Last Modified:

12 Jan 2024 00:16

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

TMVI TMVR Tendyne mitral valve paravalvular leakage retensioning




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