Simultaneous Multi-Region Detection of GABA+ and Glx using 3D Spatially Resolved SLOW-editing and EPSI-readout at 7T.

Weng, Guodong; Slotboom, Johannes; Schucht, Philippe; Ermiş, Ekin; Wiest, Roland; Klöppel, Stefan; Peter, Jessica; Zubak, Irena; Radojewski, Piotr (2024). Simultaneous Multi-Region Detection of GABA+ and Glx using 3D Spatially Resolved SLOW-editing and EPSI-readout at 7T. NeuroImage, 286, p. 120511. Elsevier 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2024.120511

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GABA+ and Glx (glutamate and glutamine) are widely studied metabolites, yet the commonly used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) techniques have significant limitations, including sensitivity to B0 and B1+ -inhomogeneities, limited bandwidth of MEGA-pulses, high SAR which is accentuated at 7T. To address these limitations, we propose SLOW-EPSI method, employing a large 3D MRSI coverage and achieving a high resolution down to 0.26 ml. Simulation results demonstrate the robustness of SLOW-editing for both GABA+ and Glx against B0 and B1+ inhomogeneities within the range of [-0.3, +0.3] ppm and [40%, 250%], respectively. Two protocols, both utilizing a 70 mm thick FOV slab, were employed to target distinct brain regions in vivo, differentiated by their orientation: transverse and tilted. Protocol 1 (n=11) encompassed 5 locations (cortical gray matter, white matter, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, and cingulate gyrus). Protocol 2 (n=5) involved 9 locations (cortical gray matter, white matter, frontal lobe, occipital lobe, cingulate gyrus, caudate nucleus, hippocampus, putamen, and inferior thalamus). Quantitative analysis of GABA+ and Glx was conducted in a stepwise manner. First, B1+/B1-inhomogeneities were corrected using water reference data. Next, GABA+ and Glx values were calculated employing spectral fitting. Finally, the GABA+ level for each selected region was compared to the global Glx within the same subject, generating the GABA+/Glx_global ratio. Our findings from two protocols indicate that the GABA+/Glx_global level in cortical gray matter was approximately 16% higher than in white matter. Elevated GABA+/Glx_global levels acquired with protocol 2 were observed in specific regions such as the caudate nucleus (0.118±0.067), putamen (0.108±0.023), thalamus (0.092±0.036), and occipital cortex (0.091±0.010), when compared to the cortical gray matter (0.079±0.012). Overall, our results highlight the effectiveness of SLOW-EPSI as a robust and efficient technique for accurate measurements of GABA+ and Glx at 7T. In contrast to previous SVS and 2D-MRSI based editing sequences with which only one or a limited number of brain regions can be measured simultaneously, the method presented here measures GABA+ and Glx from any brain area and any arbitrarily shaped volume that can be flexibly selected after the examination. Quantification of GABA+ and Glx across multiple brain regions through spectral fitting is achievable with a 9-minute acquisition. Additionally, acquisition times of 18-27 minutes (GABA+) and 9-18 minutes (Glx) are required to generate 3D maps, which are constructed using Gaussian fitting and peak integration.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Geriatric Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Weng, Guodong, Slotboom, Johannes, Schucht, Philippe, Ermis, Ekin, Wiest, Roland Gerhard Rudi, Klöppel, Stefan, Peter, Jessica, Zubak, Irena, Radojewski, Piotr


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








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Date Deposited:

08 Jan 2024 11:01

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2024 00:16

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Uncontrolled Keywords:

GABA+ Glx MRSI SLOW spectral editing ultra-high field




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