Patients with mild traumatic brain injury: immediate and long-term outcome compared to intra-cranial injuries on CT scan

Sadowski-Cron, Charlotte; Schneider, Jörg; Senn, Pascal; Radanov, Bogdan P; Ballinari, Pietro; Zimmermann, Heinz (2006). Patients with mild traumatic brain injury: immediate and long-term outcome compared to intra-cranial injuries on CT scan. Brain injury, 20(11), pp. 1131-1137. London: Informa Healthcare 10.1080/02699050600832569

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BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) defined as Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 14 or 15 has shown contradictory short- and long-term outcomes. The objective of this study was to correlate intra-cranial injuries (ICI) on CT scan to neurocognitive tests at admission and to complaints after 1 year. METHODS: Two hundred and five patients with MTBI underwent a CT scan and were examined with neurocognitive tests. After 1 year complaints were assessed by phone interviews. RESULTS: The neurocognitive tests in 51% of the patients showed significant deficits; there was no difference for patients with GCS 14-15, nor was there a difference between patients with ICI to patients without. After 1 year patients with ICI had significantly more complaints than patients without ICI, the most frequent complaint was headache and memory deficits. CONCLUSIONS: No correlation was found between GCS or ICI and the neurocognitive tests upon admission. After 1 year, patients with ICI have significantly more complaints than patients without ICI. No cost savings resulted by doing immediate CT scan on all.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center

UniBE Contributor:

Ballinari, Pietro and Zimmermann, Heinz

ISSN:

0269-9052

Publisher:

Informa Healthcare

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:46

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/02699050600832569

PubMed ID:

17123929

Web of Science ID:

000242357600003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/19190 (FactScience: 1636)

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