The Mediterranean climate: An overview of the main characteristics and issues

Lionello, P; Malanotte-Rizzoli, Paola; Boscolo, Roberta; Alpert, Pinhas; Artale, Vincenz; Li, L; Luterbacher, Jürg; May, W; Trigo, RM; Tsimplis, M; Ulbrich, U; Xoplaki, Elena (2006). The Mediterranean climate: An overview of the main characteristics and issues. In: Lionello, Piero; Malanotte-Rizzoli, P.; Boscolo, R. (eds.) Mediterranean climate variability. Developments in earth & environmental sciences: Vol. 4 (pp. 1-26). Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/S1571-9197(06)80003-0

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The Mediterranean Region has many morphologic, geographical, historical, and societal characteristics, which make its climate scientifically interesting. The concept of Mediterranean climate is characterized by mild wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers and occur on the west side of continents between about 30° and 40° latitude. However, the presence of a relatively large mass of water is unique to the actual Mediterranean region. The Mediterranean Sea is a marginal and semi-enclosed sea; it is located on the western side of a large continental area and is surrounded by Europe to the North, Africa to the South, and Asia to the East. The chapter discusses that the climate of the Mediterranean region is to a large extent forced by planetary scale patterns. The time and space behavior of the regional features associated with such large-scale forcing is complex. Orography and land–sea distribution play an important role establishing the climate at basin scale and its teleconnections with global patterns. Different levels of services of readiness to emergencies, technological, and economic resources are likely to result in very different adaptation capabilities to environmental changes and new problems. The different economic situations and demographic trends are likely to produce contrasts and conflicts in a condition of limited available resources and environmental stress.

Item Type:

Book Section (Further Contribution)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Climatology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Luterbacher, Jürg and Xoplaki, Elena


900 History > 910 Geography & travel




Developments in earth & environmental sciences




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:46

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2016 10:39

Publisher DOI:




URI: (FactScience: 1691)

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